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Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth
Summary This paper is the first in a three-part series on preterm birth, which is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Infants are born preterm at lessExpand
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Intrauterine infection and preterm delivery.
Preterm delivery is the chief problem in obstetrics today, accounting for 70 percent of perinatal mortality and nearly half of long-term neurologic morbidity.1,2 Approximately 10 percent of allExpand
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The length of the cervix and the risk of spontaneous premature delivery. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit Network.
BACKGROUND The role of the cervix in the pathogenesis of premature delivery is controversial. In a prospective, multicenter study of pregnant women, we used vaginal ultrasonography to measure theExpand
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The preterm prediction study: maternal stress is associated with spontaneous preterm birth at less than thirty-five weeks' gestation. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether various measures of poor psychosocial status in pregnancy are associated with spontaneous preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, or low birth weight.Expand
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Low birth weight in the United States.
Pregnancy outcomes in the United States and other developed countries are considerably better than those in many developing countries. However, adverse pregnancy outcomes are generally more common inExpand
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Anemia Prevalence and Risk Factors in Pregnant Women in an Urban Area of Pakistan
Background Anemia affects almost two-thirds of pregnant women in developing countries and contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality and to low birthweight. Objective To determine the prevalenceExpand
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Primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality of preterm birth
Interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality of preterm birth can be primary (directed to all women), secondary (aimed at eliminating or reducing existing risk), or tertiary (intended toExpand
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Work-up of stillbirth: a review of the evidence.
Despite improvements in antenatal and intrapartum care, stillbirth, defined as in utero fetal death at 20 weeks of gestation or greater, remains an important, largely unstudied, and poignant problemExpand
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Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure during pregnancy: an investigative survey of women in 9 developing nations.
OBJECTIVES We examined pregnant women's use of cigarettes and other tobacco products and the exposure of pregnant women and their young children to secondhand smoke (SHS) in 9 nations in LatinExpand
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