Categorization and Representation of Physics Problems by Experts and Novices
Results from sorting tasks and protocols reveal that experts and novices begin their problem representations with specifiably different problem categories, and completion of the representations depends on the knowledge associated with the categories.
Self-Explonations: How Students Study and Use Examples in Learning to Solve Problems
The present paper analyzes the self-generated explanations that “Good” and “Poor” students produce while studying worked-out exomples of mechanics problems, and their subsequent reliance on examples during problem solving and the adequacy of current Al models of explanation-based learning is discussed.
Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment
Education is a hot topic. From the stage of presidential debates to tonight's dinner table, it is an issue that most Americans are deeply concerned about. While there are many strategies for…
Expertise in Problem Solving.
An examination of the shift from consideration of general, domain-independent skills and procedures, in both cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence, to the study of the knowledge base shows the importance of differences in the knowledge bases of experts and novices to their problem solving success.
Instructional technology and the measurement of learing outcomes: Some questions.
- R. Glaser
- 1 August 1963
Expertise in a complex skill: Diagnosing x-ray pictures.
The Nature of Expertise
This chapter discusses Expertise on the Bench: Modeling Magistrates' Judicial Decision-Making and Expertise in a Complex Skill: Diagnosing X-Ray Pictures, and examines the relationship between Comprehension and Reasoning in Medical Expertise.
The Reemergence of Learning Theory within Instructional Research.
- R. Glaser
A Large-Scale Evaluation of an Intelligent Discovery World: Smithtown
An evaluation of Smithtown in two studies of individual differences in learning shows that Smithtown fared very well when compared to traditional instruction on economics and delineated the performance indicators which separated better from worse learners in this discovery environment.
Knowing, Learning, and Instruction
Contents. L.B. Resnick, Introduction. W. Kintsch, Learning from Text. I.L. Beck, M.G. McKeown, Expository Text for Young Readers: The Issue of Coherence. G. Leinhardt, Development of an Expert…