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Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
The results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome are reported and an initial analysis is presented, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the sequence. Expand
A map of human genome variation from population-scale sequencing
The pilot phase of the 1000 Genomes Project is presented, designed to develop and compare different strategies for genome-wide sequencing with high-throughput platforms, and the location, allele frequency and local haplotype structure of approximately 15 million single nucleotide polymorphisms, 1 million short insertions and deletions, and 20,000 structural variants are described. Expand
The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster.
The nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome is determined using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Expand
Evolutionarily conserved elements in vertebrate, insect, worm, and yeast genomes.
A comprehensive search for conserved elements in vertebrate genomes is conducted, using genome-wide multiple alignments of five vertebrate species (human, mouse, rat, chicken, and Fugu rubripes), using a two-state phylogenetic hidden Markov model (phylo-HMM). Expand
The Somatic Genomic Landscape of Glioblastoma
Correlative analyses confirm that the survival advantage of the proneural subtype is conferred by the G-CIMP phenotype, and MGMT DNA methylation may be a predictive biomarker for treatment response only in classical subtype GBM. Expand
A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs
The Phase II HapMap is described, which characterizes over 3.1 million human single nucleotide polymorphisms genotyped in 270 individuals from four geographically diverse populations and includes 25–35% of common SNP variation in the populations surveyed, and increased differentiation at non-synonymous, compared to synonymous, SNPs is demonstrated. Expand
Structure, Function and Diversity of the Healthy Human Microbiome
The Human Microbiome Project has analysed the largest cohort and set of distinct, clinically relevant body habitats so far, finding the diversity and abundance of each habitat’s signature microbes to vary widely even among healthy subjects, with strong niche specialization both within and among individuals. Expand
The Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Reference Panel
The Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Reference Panel is described, a community resource for analysis of population genomics and quantitative traits, which reveals reduced polymorphism in centromeric autosomal regions and the X chromosomes, evidence for positive and negative selection, and rapid evolution of the X chromosome. Expand
Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome.
The results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome are reported and an initial comparative analysis of the Mouse and human genomes is presented, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. Expand
Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project
Functional data from multiple, diverse experiments performed on a targeted 1% of the human genome as part of the pilot phase of the ENCODE Project are reported, providing convincing evidence that the genome is pervasively transcribed, such that the majority of its bases can be found in primary transcripts. Expand