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Instruction-induced feature binding
The present data show that the instructed S–R mappings influence performance on the embedded B-task, even when they have never been practiced, and are irrelevant with respect to the B- task.
What is threatening about refugees? Identifying different types of threat and their association with emotional responses and attitudes towards refugee migration
Strategic influences on implementing instructions for future actions
The results suggest that participants strategically control whether or not they implement verbal instructions, and once implemented, instructed S–R associations influence behaviour even when the instructed mappings are no longer task relevant.
Implicit sequence learning based on instructed task set.
- R. Gaschler, P. Frensch, A. Cohen, D. Wenke
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Learning…
- 30 April 2012
The findings suggest that implicit sequence learning is based on action control, which in turn strongly, but not entirely, depends on which response features are used to explain the stimulus-response mappings in the instructions.
Once and for all—How people change strategy to ignore irrelevant information in visual tasks
- R. Gaschler, Julian N. Marewski, P. Frensch
- PsychologyQuarterly journal of experimental psychology
- 1 March 2015
The results suggest that participants incidentally acquired knowledge about regularities in the task material and then decided to voluntarily apply it for efficient task processing, and such decisions should be incorporated into accounts of information reduction and other theories of strategy change in skill acquisition.
Perception of bar graphs - A biased impression?
Spontaneous Usage of Different Shortcuts Based on the Commutativity Principle
A paper-and-pencil-based as well as an eyetracking-based approach to unobtrusively measure how students spot and apply (known) shortcut options in mental arithmetic is introduced.
Tied to expectations: Predicting features speeds processing even under adverse circumstances
The results are consistent with the view that the predicted stimulus feature is represented in the focus of attention in working memory and that the amount of implementation can be subject to weighting.
Medial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Internally Driven Strategy Shifts
Instructed Task Demands and Utilization of Action Effect Anticipation
A paradigm that allows the mode of action control to be varied via instructions while keeping stimuli identical is developed, and the impact of action effect compatibility on speed and choice of action as a measure for action effect anticipation is employed.