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Isolation of a novel coronavirus from a man with pneumonia in Saudi Arabia.
TLDR
The clinical picture was remarkably similar to that of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 and reminds us that animal coronaviruses can cause severe disease in humans.
Identification of a novel coronavirus in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome.
TLDR
The novel coronavirus might have a role in causing SARS and was detected in a variety of clinical specimens from patients with SARS but not in controls.
Characterization of a Novel Coronavirus Associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses and sequence comparisons showed that SARS-CoV is not closelyrelated to any of the previouslycharacterized coronaviruses.
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 is a functional receptor for the emerging human coronavirus-EMC
TLDR
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4; also known as CD26) is identified as a functional receptor for hCoV-EMC and will contribute critically to the understanding of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of this emerging human coronavirus, and may facilitate the development of intervention strategies.
Global Patterns of Influenza A Virus in Wild Birds
TLDR
Current knowledge on global patterns of influenza virus infections in wild birds is reviewed, these patterns are discussed in the context of host ecology and in particular birds' behavior, and some important gaps in current knowledge are identified.
Mapping the Antigenic and Genetic Evolution of Influenza Virus
TLDR
The antigenic evolution of influenza A (H3N2) virus was quantified and visualized from its introduction into humans in 1968 to 2003 and offers a route to predicting the relative success of emerging strains.
Antigenic and Genetic Characteristics of Swine-Origin 2009 A(H1N1) Influenza Viruses Circulating in Humans
Generation of Swine Flu As the newly emerged influenza virus starts its journey to infect the world's human population, the genetic secrets of the 2009 outbreak of swine influenza A(H1N1) are being
Airborne Transmission of Influenza A/H5N1 Virus Between Ferrets
TLDR
Avian A/H5N1 influenza viruses can acquire the capacity for airborne transmission between mammals without recombination in an intermediate host and therefore constitute a risk for human pandemic influenza.
Spatial, Temporal, and Species Variation in Prevalence of Influenza A Viruses in Wild Migratory Birds
TLDR
Temporal and spatial variation in influenza virus prevalence in wild birds was observed, with influenza A virus prevalence varying by sampling location; this is probably related to migration patterns from northeast to southwest and a higher prevalence farther north along the flyways.
Avian influenza A virus (H7N7) associated with human conjunctivitis and a fatal case of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
TLDR
Because H7N7 viruses have caused disease in mammals, including horses, seals, and humans, on several occasions in the past, they may be unusual in their zoonotic potential and, thus, form a pandemic threat to humans.
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