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  • Influence
Pesticide exposure of children in an agricultural community: evidence of household proximity to farmland and take home exposure pathways.
Children's exposure to organophosphorus (OP) pesticides in an agricultural community in central Washington State was determined. Spot urine and hand wipe samples were collected from 109 children 9Expand
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Evaluation of take-home organophosphorus pesticide exposure among agricultural workers and their children.
We analyzed organophosphorus pesticide exposure in 218 farm worker households in agricultural communities in Washington State to investigate the take-home pathway of pesticide exposure and toExpand
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Children's exposure to chlorpyrifos and parathion in an agricultural community in central Washington State.
We measured two diethyl organophosphorus (OP) pesticides--chlorpyrifos and parathion--in residences, and their metabolic by-products, in the urine of children 6 years old or younger in a centralExpand
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Organic Diets Significantly Lower Children’s Dietary Exposure to Organophosphorus Pesticides
We used a novel study design to measure dietary organophosphorus pesticide exposure in a group of 23 elementary school-age children through urinary biomonitoring. We substituted most of children’sExpand
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Organophosphorus pesticide exposure of urban and suburban preschool children with organic and conventional diets.
We assessed organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure from diet by biological monitoring among Seattle, Washington, preschool children. Parents kept food diaries for 3 days before urine collection,Expand
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Pesticides in household dust and soil: exposure pathways for children of agricultural families.
Child of agriculture families are likely to be exposed to agricultural chemicals, even if they are not involved in farm activities. This study was designed to determine whether such children areExpand
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Biological monitoring of organophosphorus pesticide exposure among children of agricultural workers in central Washington State.
Children up to 6 years of age who lived with pesticide applicators were monitored for increased risk of pesticide exposure: 48 pesticide applicator and 14 reference families were recruited from anExpand
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Biologically based pesticide dose estimates for children in an agricultural community.
Current pesticide health risk assessments in the United States require the characterization of aggregate exposure and cumulative risk in the setting of food tolerances. Biologic monitoring canExpand
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Dermal exposure assessment techniques.
  • R. Fenske
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • The Annals of occupational hygiene
  • 1 December 1993
Exposure of the skin to chemical substances can contribute significantly to total dose in many workplace situations, and its relative importance will increase when airborne occupational exposureExpand
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Temporal association of children's pesticide exposure and agricultural spraying: report of a longitudinal biological monitoring study.
We measured organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposures of young children living in an agricultural community over an entire year and evaluated the impact of agricultural spraying on exposure. We alsoExpand
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