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Removal of pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plants in Italy.
The distribution and fate of residual pharmaceuticals in the surface waters receiving the effluents of the STPs were studied and degradation and sorption were identified as the major factors affecting attenuation. Expand
Estimating Community Drug Abuse by Wastewater Analysis
Searching the sewage for excreted compounds relevant to public health issues appears to have the potential to become a convenient source of real-time epidemiologic information. Expand
Identification and measurement of illicit drugs and their metabolites in urban wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
This method for the determination of cocaine, amphetamines, morphine, cannabinoids, methadone, and some of their metabolites in wastewater could be useful to estimate and monitor drug consumption in the population in real time, helping social scientists and authorities to combat drug abuse. Expand
Strategic Survey of Therapeutic Drugs in the Rivers Po and Lambro in Northern Italy
A survey was done in the river Po (Italy) to check for therapeutic drugs in the environment. A number of pharmaceuticals were selected for analysis on the basis of high consumption and excretion asExpand
Identification of the pharmaceuticals for human use contaminating the Italian aquatic environment.
A predictive approach seems useful to identify pharmaceuticals in the environment and give an idea of overall levels of contamination, so as to restrict monitoring to those molecules most likely toExpand
A multiresidue analytical method using solid-phase extraction and high-pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to measure pharmaceuticals of different therapeutic classes in urban
An analytical method with two extraction steps has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 30 pharmaceuticals belonging to various therapeutic categories in urbanExpand
Cocaine in surface waters: a new evidence-based tool to monitor community drug abuse
It is shown for the first time that an illicit drug, cocaine, is present in the aquatic environment, namely untreated urban waste water and a major river, and used environmental cocaine levels for estimating collective consumption of the drug. Expand
Illicit drugs, a novel group of environmental contaminants.
The data indicate that residues of drugs of abuse have become widespread surface water contaminants in populated areas, and since most of these residues still have potent pharmacological activities, their presence in the aquatic environment may have potential implications for human health and wildlife. Expand
Presence of therapeutic drugs in the environment
Most drugs thought to be putative priority pollutants were measurable in drinking or river waters and sediments, suggesting that pharmaceutical products are widespread contaminants, with possible implications for human health and the environment. Expand
Source, occurrence and fate of antibiotics in the Italian aquatic environment.
In conclusion, antibiotics, particularly macrolides and quinolones, are widespread environmental contaminants, and urban STPs are confirmed a major source of the contamination. Expand