R. Douglas Bruce

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BACKGROUND Directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART) is one approach to improve treatment adherence among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected drug users. METHODS In this(More)
BACKGROUND Having opioid dependence and HIV infection are associated with poor HIV-related treatment outcomes. METHODS HIV-infected, opioid-dependent subjects (N = 295) recruited from 10 clinical(More)
Drug users are marginalized from typical primary care, often resulting in emergency department (ED) usage and hospitalization due to late-stage disease. Though data suggest methadone decreases such(More)
BACKGROUND Directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART) is a promising intervention for improving HIV outcomes among active drug users, but the elements associated with successful DAART(More)
BACKGROUND Injection drug use (IDU) accounts for 70 percent of HIV cases in Ukraine. Until buprenorphine maintenance therapy (BMT) was introduced, few effective strategies aimed at achieving(More)