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Preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical (PADUA) classification of renal tumours in patients who are candidates for nephron-sparing surgery.
The PADUA score is a simple anatomical system that can be used to predict the risk of surgical and medical perioperative complications in patients undergoing open NSS and can help researchers evaluate the real comparability among patients undergoing NSS with different surgical approaches. Expand
Pectoral and femoral fasciae: common aspects and regional specializations
The deep fascia of the pECToral region is morphologically and functionally different from that of the thigh: the fascia lata is a relatively autonomous structure with respect to the underlying muscular plane, while the pectoralis fascia acts as an additional insertion for the pectoralis major muscle. Expand
Toll-like receptor 2 regulates intestinal inflammation by controlling integrity of the enteric nervous system.
In mice, TLR2 signaling regulates intestinal inflammation by controlling ENS structure and neurochemical coding, along with intestinal neuromuscular function, and these findings provide information as to how defective TLR 2 signaling in the ENS affects inflammatory bowel disease phenotype in humans. Expand
Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles tendon and paratenon
The findings suggest that the plantar fascia has a role not only in supporting the longitudinal arch of the foot, but also in its proprioception and peripheral motor coordination, and points to the feasibility of using hyaluronan injections in the fascia to treat plantar fasciitis. Expand
Comparison of transverse carpal ligament and flexor retinaculum terminology for the wrist.
The term transverse carpal ligament should be used to indicate the fibrous lamina connecting the hamate and pisiform to the scaphoid and trapezium and the term flexor retinaculum of the wrist should be abandoned because it does not correspond to any specific, autonomous structure. Expand
The palmaris longus muscle and its relations with the antebrachial fascia and the palmar aponeurosis
Based on the anatomical findings, it may be suggested that the superficial part of the PA is situated in the subcutaneous planes of the palm, and that the muscle should be considered as a tensor of the superficial fascial system of the sub cutaneous tissue. Expand
The fascia: the forgotten structure.
The typical features of the superficial and deep fasciae and their relationships to nerves, vessels and muscles are reported here, highlighting the possible role of the deep fascia in proprioception and peripheral motor coordination. Expand
Anatomical study of myofascial continuity in the anterior region of the upper limb.
This study demonstrated the existence of specific myofascial expansions, with a nearly constant pattern, which originate from the flexor muscles and extend to the overlying fascia. Expand
WU and KI polyomaviruses in the brains of HIV-positive patients with and without progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
Investigation of 54 autopsy brain tissue samples from 22 subjects demonstrated that WUPyVDNA and KIPyV DNA could be detected in 1 of 4 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and in 3 of 10 HIV-positive individuals without PML, but not in 8 HIV-negative individuals. Expand
Spexin Expression in Normal Rat Tissues
Spexin is a highly conserved peptide which was recently identified through the bioinformatics approach. Immunohistochemical analysis of its expression has not yet been performed. Thus, in this study,Expand