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Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation
TLDR
Meditation can be conceptualized as a family of complex emotional and attentional regulatory training regimes developed for various ends, including the cultivation of well-being and emotional balance, which could have a long-term impact on the brain and behavior. Expand
Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism
TLDR
Variation in eye fixation within autistic individuals was strongly and positively associated with amygdala activation across both studies, suggesting a heightened emotional response associated with gaze fixation in autism. Expand
Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a short program in mindfulness meditation produces demonstrable effects on brain and immune function, and suggest that meditation may change brain andimmune function in positive ways and underscore the need for additional research. Expand
Affective Style and Affective Disorders: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience
Individual differences in emotional reactivity or affective style can be decomposed into more elementary constituents. Several separable of affective style are identified such as the threshold forExpand
The integration of negative affect, pain and cognitive control in the cingulate cortex
TLDR
It is demonstrated that negative affect, pain and cognitive control activate an overlapping region of the dorsal cingulate — the anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC), which constitutes a hub where information about reinforcers can be linked to motor centres responsible for expressing affect and executing goal-directed behaviour. Expand
Placebo-Induced Changes in fMRI in the Anticipation and Experience of Pain
TLDR
fMRI experiments found that placebo analgesia was related to decreased brain activity in pain-sensitive brain regions, including the thalamus, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex, and was associated with increased activity during anticipation of pain in the prefrontal cortex, providing evidence that placebos alter the experience of pain. Expand
Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Are Inversely Coupled during Regulation of Negative Affect and Predict the Diurnal Pattern of Cortisol Secretion among Older Adults
TLDR
Individual differences yielded the predicted link between brain function while reducing negative affect in the laboratory and diurnal regulation of endocrine activity in the home environment. Expand
Prefrontal Brain Asymmetry: A Biological Substrate of the Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Systems
Resting anterior brain electrical activity, self-report measures of Behavioral Approach and Inhibition System (BAS and BIS) strength, and general levels of positive and negative affect (PA and NA)Expand
Failure to Regulate: Counterproductive Recruitment of Top-Down Prefrontal-Subcortical Circuitry in Major Depression
TLDR
Findings indicate that a key feature underlying the pathophysiology of major depression is the counterproductive engagement of right prefrontal cortex and the lack of engagement of left lateral-ventromedial prefrontal circuitry important for the downregulation of amygdala responses to negative stimuli. Expand
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