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  • Influence
Acoustic confusions in immediate memory.
Sequences of 6 letters of the alphabet were visually presented for immediate recall to 387 subjects. Errors showed a systematic relationship to original stimuli. This is held to meet a requirement of
INFORMATION, ACOUSTIC CONFUSION AND MEMORY SPAN.
TLDR
Memory span is shown to be effectively independent of information per item, and to depend substantially on the probability of acoustic confusion within vocabularies.
Short-term memory processes in the deaf.
  • R. Conrad
  • Psychology
    British journal of psychology
  • 1 May 1970
TLDR
Detailed error analysis suggested a dichotomous classification of subjects into those primarily relying on artioulatory coding (A group) and those relying on some other mediating code which could depend on shape (non-A group), which correlated significantly with teachers' ratings of speech quality.
Serial order intrusions in immediate memory.
  • R. Conrad
  • Psychology
    British journal of psychology
  • 1 February 1960
TLDR
It was found that increasing the time interval between successive 8-digit messages had no effect on recall performance, and it was suggested that intrusions occur after recall has failed—there being no causal relationship.
An Association between Memory Errors and Errors due to Acoustic Masking of Speech
TLDR
Experimental work in this area has been concerned with quantitative aspects of recall, and the nature of changes in the memory trace has been neglected in the most easily controlled immediate memory situation.
The reading ability of deaf school-leavers.
  • R. Conrad
  • Medicine
    The British journal of educational psychology
  • 1 June 1977
TLDR
Though the presented reading ages are with reference to hearing norms, other criteria for assessing the reading performance of deaf children are discussed.
Input modality and the serial position curve in short-term memory
Results are presented which confirm data already published by Corballis (1966), and Murray, (1966). These show that when a sequence of letters or digits is presented for immediate recall, there is a
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