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Virioplankton: Viruses in Aquatic Ecosystems
SUMMARY The discovery that viruses may be the most abundant organisms in natural waters, surpassing the number of bacteria by an order of magnitude, has inspired a resurgence of interest in virusesExpand
DNA sequence of both chromosomes of the cholera pathogen Vibrio cholerae
Here we determine the complete genomic sequence of the Gram negative, γ-Proteobacterium Vibrio cholerae El Tor N16961 to be 4,033,460 base pairs (bp). The genome consists of two circular chromosomesExpand
Microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the environment.
The ecology of hydrocarbon degradation by microbial populations in the natural environment is reviewed, emphasizing the physical, chemical, and biological factors that contribute to theExpand
Emerging marine diseases--climate links and anthropogenic factors.
Mass mortalities due to disease outbreaks have recently affected major taxa in the oceans. For closely monitored groups like corals and marine mammals, reports of the frequency of epidemics and theExpand
Global Climate and Infectious Disease: The Cholera Paradigm*
  • R. Colwell
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 20 December 1996
The origin of cholera has been elusive, even though scientific evidence clearly shows it is a waterborne disease. However, standard bacteriological procedures for isolation of the cholera vibrio fromExpand
Survival strategies of bacteria in the natural environment.
The need for methods to estimate accurately and reliably the total number of living bacteria in evironmental samples, including specific pathogens in aquatic systems, has not yet been met andExpand
Effects of Global Climate on Infectious Disease: the Cholera Model
SUMMARY Recently, the role of the environment and climate in disease dynamics has become a subject of increasing interest to microbiologists, clinicians, epidemiologists, and ecologists. Much of theExpand
Viable but nonculturable stage of Campylobacter jejuni and its role in survival in the natural aquatic environment.
Conditions influencing the survival of Campylobacter jejuni in the natural aquatic environment have been determined. Release of Campylobacter spp. into natural waters by animal hosts is postulated toExpand
Critical Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Vibrio cholerae in the Environment of Bangladesh
ABSTRACT The occurrence of outbreaks of cholera in Africa in 1970 and in Latin America in 1991, mainly in coastal communities, and the appearance of the new serotype Vibrio cholerae O139 in India andExpand
Climate and infectious disease: use of remote sensing for detection of Vibrio cholerae by indirect measurement.
It has long been known that cholera outbreaks can be initiated when Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera, is present in drinking water in sufficient numbers to constitute an infectiveExpand