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A Dual-Tropic Primary HIV-1 Isolate That Uses Fusin and the β-Chemokine Receptors CKR-5, CKR-3, and CKR-2b as Fusion Cofactors
Here, we show that the beta-chemokine receptor CKR-5 serves as a cofactor for M-tropic HIV viruses. Expression of CKR-5 with CD4 enables nonpermissive cells to form syncytia with cells expressingExpand
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Innate lymphoid cells promote lung-tissue homeostasis after infection with influenza virus
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), a heterogeneous cell population, are critical in orchestrating immunity and inflammation in the intestine, but whether ILCs influence immune responses or tissueExpand
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Bayesian community-wide culture-independent microbial source tracking
Contamination is a critical issue in high-throughput metagenomic studies, yet progress toward a comprehensive solution has been limited. We present SourceTracker, a Bayesian approach to estimate theExpand
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  • Open Access
Gene editing of CCR5 in autologous CD4 T cells of persons infected with HIV.
BACKGROUND CCR5 is the major coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We investigated whether site-specific modification of the gene ("gene editing")--in this case, the infusion ofExpand
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Associating microbiome composition with environmental covariates using generalized UniFrac distances
We evaluate the use of generalized UniFrac distances in associating microbiome composition with environmental covariates using extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Expand
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Topographical continuity of bacterial populations in the healthy human respiratory tract.
RATIONALE Defining the biogeography of bacterial populations in human body habitats is a high priority for understanding microbial-host relationships in health and disease. The healthy lung wasExpand
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Utilization of chemokine receptors, orphan receptors, and herpesvirus-encoded receptors by diverse human and simian immunodeficiency viruses.
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) requires both CD4 and a coreceptor to infect cells. Macrophage-tropic (M-tropic) HIV-1 strains utilize the chemokine receptor CCR5 in conjunction with CD4Expand
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siRNA-directed inhibition of HIV-1 infection
RNA interference silences gene expression through short interfering 21–23-mer double-strand RNA segments that guide mRNA degradation in a sequence-specific fashion. Here we report that siRNAs inhibitExpand
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Innate Lymphoid Cells Promote Anatomical Containment of Lymphoid-Resident Commensal Bacteria
Protecting Against a Barrier Breach In order to coexist peacefully, a “firewall” exists that keeps the commensal bacteria that reside in our intestines and associated lymphoid tissue contained.Expand
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An infectious molecular clone of an unusual macrophage-tropic and highly cytopathic strain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
We isolated and molecularly cloned a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strain (89.6) which is unusual because it is both macrophage-tropic and extremely cytopathic in lymphocytes. Moreover,Expand
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