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Stratigraphy, artefact industries and hominid associations for Sterkfontein, member 5.
A revised stratigraphy for the early hominid site of Sterkfontein (Gauteng Province, South Africa) reveals a complex distribution of infills in the main excavation area between 2.8 and 1.4 m.y.a, asExpand
Lower Pliocene Hominid Remains from Sterkfontein
Cosmogenic aluminum-26 and beryllium-10 burial dates of low-lying fossiliferous breccia in the caves at Sterkfontein, South Africa, show that associated hominid fossils accumulated in the LowerExpand
Sterkfontein member 2 foot bones of the oldest South African hominid.
TLDR
Four articulating hominid foot bones have been recovered from Sterkfontein Member 2, near Johannesburg, South Africa, and provides the first evidence that bipedal hominids were in southern Africa more than 3.0 million years ago. Expand
Late Pliocene Homo and Hominid Land Use from Western Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
Excavation in the previously little-explored western portion of Olduvai Gorge indicates that hominid land use of the eastern paleobasin extended at least episodically to the west. Finds included aExpand
New cosmogenic burial ages for Sterkfontein Member 2 Australopithecus and Member 5 Oldowan
TLDR
The isochron burial dating with cosmogenic aluminium-26 and beryllium-10 is used to show that the breccia containing StW 573 did not undergo significant reworking, and that it was deposited 3.67 ± 0.16 million years ago, far earlier than the 2.2 million year flowstones found within it. Expand
Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating of hominin-bearing Pleistocene cave deposits at Swartkrans, South Africa
Abstract Based on the cosmogenic nuclide burial dating technique, we present new radiometric age estimates of 2.19 ± 0.08 and 1.80 ± 0.09 million-years-old (Ma) for Member 1, and 0.96 ± 0.09 Ma forExpand
A one-million-year-old Homo cranium from the Danakil (Afar) Depression of Eritrea
TLDR
The cranium was found in a succession of fluvio-deltaic and lacustrine deposits and is associated with a rich mammalian fauna of early to early-middle Pleistocene age, which means the human remains can be dated at ∼1 million years before present. Expand
Palaeoenvironments and Cultural Sequence of the Florisbad Middle Stone Age Hominid Site, South Africa
Abstract Florisbad, an open-air spring site with 7 m of strata, has yielded the type assemblage of Middle Stone Age (MSA) fauna, the cranium of an archaic hominid in 1932 and an extensive sequence ofExpand
Role of carnivores in the accumulation of the Sterkfontein Member 4 hominid assemblage: a taphonomic reassessment of the complete hominid fossil sample (1936-1999).
TLDR
This study provides support for the "carnivore-collecting hypothesis" of Brain (Brain [1981] The Hunters or the Hunted? Chicago: University of Chicago Press), which implicates large carnivores as prominent collecting agents of hominid body parts in Sterkfontein Member 4. Expand
The view from the Lincoln Cave: mid- to late Pleistocene fossil deposits from Sterkfontein hominid site, South Africa.
TLDR
The recovery of Early Acheulean-type artifacts from the Lincoln Cave suggests that older artifacts eroded out of Sterkfontein Member 5 West and were redeposited into the younger Lincoln Cave deposits, indicating that the material was probably redepoited via a link between the two cave systems. Expand
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