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Sustainable rural livelihoods: Practical concepts for the 21st century
The purpose of this paper is to provoke discussion by exploring and elaborating the concept of sustainable livelihoods. It is based normatively on the ideas of capability, equity, and sustainability,Expand
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The Origins and Practice of Participatory Rural Appraisal * ROBERT CHAMBERS ?
Summary. - Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) describes a growing family of approaches and methods to enable local people to share, enhance and analyze their knowledge of life and conditions, toExpand
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Rural Development: Putting the Last First
Preface 1. Rural Poverty Unperceived 2. Two Cultures of Outsiders 3. How Outsiders Learn 4. Whose Knowledge? 5. Integrated Rural Poverty 6. Seeing what to do 7. The New Professionalism: Putting theExpand
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Participatory rural appraisal (PRA): analysis of experience
Abstract The more significant principles of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) concern the behavior and attitudes of outsider facilitators, including not rushing, “handing over the stick,” and beingExpand
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Participatory rural appraisal (PRA): Challenges, potentials and paradigm
Abstract Much of the spread of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) as an emerging family of approaches and methods has been lateral, South–South, through experiential learning and changes inExpand
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Poverty and livelihoods: whose reality counts?
This paper explores how professionals’ universal, reductionist and standardized views of poverty differ from those of the poor themselves. Poverty line thinking concerned with income-poverty andExpand
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Rural Appraisal: Rapid, Relaxed and Participatory
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Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation
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Ideas for Development
Words and Ideas: Commitment, Continuity and Irreversibility Aid and Administrative Capacity Procedures, Principles and Power Participation: Reviews, Reflections and Future PRA, Participation andExpand
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Crying Out for Change: Voices of the Poor
As the second book in a three-part series entitled Voices of the Poor, "Crying out for Change" accounts for the voices from comparative fieldwork among twenty three countries. Through participatory,Expand
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