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Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny
These genome sequences augment the formidable genetic tools that have made Drosophila melanogaster a pre-eminent model for animal genetics, and will further catalyse fundamental research on mechanisms of development, cell biology, genetics, disease, neurobiology, behaviour, physiology and evolution.
Hybridization and speciation
A perspective on the context and evolutionary significance of hybridization during speciation is offered, highlighting issues of current interest and debate and suggesting that the Dobzhansky–Muller model of hybrid incompatibilities requires a broader interpretation.
Sexual selection and speciation.
Genomics and the origin of species
Emergent trends and gaps in understanding are identified, new approaches to more fully integrate genomics into speciation research are proposed, and an integrative definition of the field of speciation genomics is provided.
Taxon‐specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faeces
- Matt R K Zeale, R. Butlin, G. Barker, D. Lees, Gareth Jones
- Environmental Science, BiologyMolecular Ecology Resources
- 1 March 2011
The effectiveness of DNA barcoding in determining the diets of bat species that specialize in eating different taxa of arthropod prey is investigated and a comparison of data with parallel morphological analyses revealed a close correlation between the two methods.
Deformed wing virus is a recent global epidemic in honeybees driven by Varroa mites
A phylogeographic analysis shows that DWV is globally distributed in honeybees, having recently spread from a common source, the European honeybee Apis mellifera, and exhibits epidemic growth and transmission that is predominantly mediated by European and North American honeybee populations and driven by trade and movement of honeybee colonies.
Recombination and speciation
- R. Butlin
- BiologyMolecular Ecology
- 1 August 2005
It is argued that ideas about the role of recombinations in speciation should be considered in the context of the variability of recombination rates and patterns more generally and that genic as well as chromosomal causes of restricted recombination should be consideration.
Sympatric, parapatric or allopatric: the most important way to classify speciation?
- R. Butlin, J. Galindo, J. Grahame
- BiologyPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
- 27 September 2008
It is suggested that it is more productive to study the current balance between local adaptation and gene flow, the interaction between components of reproductive isolation and the genetic basis of differentiation, than the most common classification of modes of speciation, sympatric, parapatric or allopatric.
ADAPTATION TO A STEEP ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENT AND AN ASSOCIATED BARRIER TO GENE EXCHANGE IN LITTORINA SAXATILIS
The distribution of forms of the intertidal gastropod Littorina saxatilis is considered, analyzing shell shape and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) loci on two rocky shores in Britain and showing a sharp cline in allele frequencies between the two morphs for differentiated AFLP loci.