• Publications
  • Influence
A robust layered control system for a mobile robot
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science, Engineering
    IEEE J. Robotics Autom.
  • 1 March 1986
A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described, building a robust and flexible robot control system that has been used to control a mobile robot wandering around unconstrained laboratory areas and computer machine rooms.
Intelligence without Representation
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science
    Artif. Intell.
  • 1 February 1991
The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations, but into independent and parallel activity producers which all interface directly to the world through perception and action.
Intelligence Without Reason
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science
  • 24 August 1991
It is claimed that the state of computer architecture has been a strong influence on models of thought in Artificial Intelligence over the last thirty years.
Elephants don't play chess
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science
    Robotics Auton. Syst.
  • 1 June 1990
It is shown how a research methodology which emphasizes ongoing physical interaction with the environment as the primary source of constraint on the design of intelligent systems has recently had significant successes on a par with the most successful classical efforts.
Symbolic Reasoning Among 3-D Models and 2-D Images
Modelling, prediction, description and interpretation proceed concurrently from coarse object subpart and class interpretations of images, to fine distinctions among object subclasses and more precise three dimensional quantification of objects.
The cog project: building a humanoid robot
To explore issues of developmental structure, physical embodiment, integration of multiple sensory and motor systems, and social interaction, we have constructed an upper-torso humanoid robot called
Cambrian Intelligence: The Early History of the New AI
Until the mid-1980s, AI researchers assumed that an intelligent system doing high-level reasoning was necessary for the coupling of perception and action. In this traditional model, cognition
New Approaches to Robotics
  • R. Brooks
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • 13 September 1991
The relationship to traditional academic robotics and traditional artificial intelligence is examined and the use of representations, expectations, plans, goals, and learning is demonstrated, but without resorting to the traditional uses of central, abstractly manipulable or symbolic representations.
A robot that walks; emergent behaviors from a carefully evolved network
  • R. Brooks
  • Engineering, Computer Science
    Proceedings, International Conference on…
  • 1 February 1989
The author describes a carefully designed series of networks, each one being a strict augmentation of the previous one, which control a six-legged walking machine capable of walking over rough
Artificial Life and Real Robots
A new abstraction for behavior-based robot programming which is specially tailored to be used with genetic programming techniques is introduced, which will be necessary to automatically evolve programs that are one to two orders of magnitude more complex than those previously reported in any domain.