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Microbial and Enzymatic Degradation of Wood and Wood Components
The oil crisis during the 1970s turned interest towards the utilization of renewable resources and towards lignocellulosics in particular. The 1970s were also the cradle period of biotechnology, andExpand
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The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes
Dating Wood Rot Specific lineages within the basidiomycete fungi, white rot species, have evolved the ability to break up a major structural component of woody plants, lignin, relative to theirExpand
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Effects of fungal degradation on the CuO oxidation products of lignin: A controlled laboratory study
Duplicate samples of birch wood were degraded for 0, 4, 8 and 12 weeks by the white-rot fungus, Phlebia tremellosus, and for 12 weeks by 6 other white-rot and brown-rot fungi. P. tremellosus causedExpand
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Extensive sampling of basidiomycete genomes demonstrates inadequacy of the white-rot/brown-rot paradigm for wood decay fungi
Significance Wood decay fungi have historically been characterized as either white rot, which degrade all components of plant cell walls, including lignin, or brown rot, which leave lignin largelyExpand
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Fungal degradation of wood lignins; geochemical perspectives from CuO-derived phenolic dimers and monomers
The elemental compositions and yields of CuO-derived phenol dimers and monomers from woods degraded by different fungi under laboratory and natural conditions were compared to those from undegradedExpand
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Degradation of the lignocellulose complex in wood
Degradation of the lignocellulose complex in wood varies depending on the microorganism causing decay. The degradative processes of white-, brown-, and soft-rot fungi as well as different forms ofExpand
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Comparative Transcriptome and Secretome Analysis of Wood Decay Fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium
ABSTRACT Cellulose degradation by brown rot fungi, such as Postia placenta, is poorly understood relative to the phylogenetically related white rot basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. ToExpand
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Delignification by wood-decay fungi
Wood decay fungi are unique because of their capacity to decompose lignified cell walls. A few species are of special interest because they can selectively remove lignin from wood without extensiveExpand
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A review of microbial deterioration found in archaeological wood from different environments
Abstract Wooden cultural properties are degraded by microorganisms when moisture, oxygen and other environmental factors are favorable for microbial growth. Archaeological woods recovered from mostExpand
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Biological degradation of wood.
Wood is decomposed by a variety of biological agents, including fungi, bacteria, and insects. Fungi colonize wood and degrade cell wall components to form brown, soft, or white rot. Brown-rot fungi,Expand
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