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Biological, Clinical, and Population Relevance of 95 Loci for Blood Lipids
TLDR
The results identify several novel loci associated with plasma lipids that are also associated with CAD and provide the foundation to develop a broader biological understanding of lipoprotein metabolism and to identify new therapeutic opportunities for the prevention of CAD. Expand
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
TLDR
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility. Expand
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
TLDR
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation. Expand
Quantitative estimation of insulin sensitivity.
TLDR
From a single glucose injection it is possible to obtain a quantitative index of insulin sensitivity that may have clinical applicability, and this index was defined as the ratio of two parameters of the chosen model and could be estimated with good reproducibility from the 300 mg/kg injection experiments. Expand
A Genome-Wide Association Study of Type 2 Diabetes in Finns Detects Multiple Susceptibility Variants
TLDR
The number of T2D loci now confidently identified to at least 10 is confirmed, and it is confirmed that variants near TCF7L2, SLC30A8, HHEX, FTO, PPARG, and KCNJ11 are associated with T1D risk. Expand
Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
TLDR
Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity. Expand
Physiologic evaluation of factors controlling glucose tolerance in man: measurement of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell glucose sensitivity from the response to intravenous glucose.
TLDR
The feasibility of the minimal model technique to determine the etiology of impaired glucose tolerance is demonstrated and it is demonstrated that subjects (regardless of weight) could be segregated into good and lower tolerance by the product of second-phase beta-cell responsivity and insulin sensitivity. Expand
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association data and large-scale replication identifies additional susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes
TLDR
The results illustrate the value of large discovery and follow-up samples for gaining further insights into the inherited basis of T2D, and detect at least six previously unknown loci with robust evidence for association. Expand
New genetic loci implicated in fasting glucose homeostasis and their impact on type 2 diabetes risk
TLDR
It is demonstrated that genetic studies of glycemic traits can identify type 2 diabetes risk loci, as well as loci containing gene variants that are associated with a modest elevation in glucose levels but are not associated with overt diabetes. Expand
Newly identified loci that influence lipid concentrations and risk of coronary artery disease
To identify genetic variants influencing plasma lipid concentrations, we first used genotype imputation and meta-analysis to combine three genome-wide scans totaling 8,816 individuals and comprisingExpand
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