• Publications
  • Influence
The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation.
Existing evidence supports the hypothesis that the need to belong is a powerful, fundamental, and extremely pervasive motivation, and people form social attachments readily under most conditions and resist the dissolution of existing bonds. Expand
High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success.
Tests for curvilinearity failed to indicate any drawbacks of so-called overcontrol, and the positive effects remained after controlling for social desirability, so low self-control is a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems. Expand
Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?
The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource. Expand
Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?
The authors review evidence that self-control may consume a limited resource and conclude that the executive component of the self--in particular, inhibition--relies on a limited, consumable resource. Expand
Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?
Although the research has not clearly established causation, it is persuaded that high self-esteem does lead to greater Happiness and recommends using praise to boost self- esteem as a reward for socially desirable behavior and self-improvement. Expand
Bad is Stronger than Good
The greater power of bad events over good ones is found in everyday events, major life events (e.g., trauma), close relationship outcomes, social network patterns, interpersonal interactions, andExpand
Choking under pressure: self-consciousness and paradoxical effects of incentives on skillful performance.
  • R. Baumeister
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 March 1984
A model for choking on coordination and skill tasks is proposed, holding that the pressure increases the conscious attention to the performer's own process of performance and that this increased conscious attention disrupts the automatic or overlearned nature of the execution. Expand
Self-control as limited resource: regulatory depletion patterns.
A strength model of self-regulation fits the data better than activation, priming, skill, or constant capacity models ofSelf-regulation. Expand
Suicide as escape from self.
Suicide is analyzed in terms of motivations to escape from aversive self-awareness, a state of cognitive deconstruction that brings irrationality and disinhibition, making drastic measures seem acceptable. Expand
Guilt: an interpersonal approach.
Empirical research findings suggest that guilt serves various relationship-enhancing functions, including motivating people to treat partners well and avoid transgressions, minimizing inequities and enabling less powerful partners to get their way, and redistributing emotional distress. Expand