• Publications
  • Influence
Stress During Pregnancy Affects General Intellectual and Language Functioning in Human Toddlers
TLDR
It is suspected that high levels of prenatal stress exposure, particularly early in the pregnancy, may negatively affect the brain development of the fetus, reflected in the lower general intellectual and language abilities in the toddlers.
Parental diary of infant cry and fuss behaviour.
TLDR
The results suggest that despite pronounced differences between recording methods, parental diaries of infants' cry and fuss behaviour may provide valid and useful reports of crying and fussing in the short term.
Treating infant colic with the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri: double blind, placebo controlled randomised trial
TLDR
L reuteri DSM 17938 did not benefit a community sample of breastfed infants and formula fed infants with colic and do not support a general recommendation for the use of probiotics to treat colic.
The Normal Crying Curve: What Do We Really Know?
  • R. Barr
  • Medicine
    Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 1 April 1990
Increased carrying reduces infant crying: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
It is concluded that supplemental carrying modifies "normal" crying by reducing the duration and altering the typical pattern of crying and fussing in the first 3 months of life.
Preventing abusive head trauma resulting from a failure of normal interaction between infants and their caregivers
  • R. Barr
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 8 October 2012
TLDR
It is implied that there is a window of opportunity for prevention of AHT, and potentially other forms of infant abuse, through a public health primary universal prevention strategy aimed at changing knowledge and behaviors of caregivers and society in general concerning normal development of infants and the significance of early increased infant crying.
Carrying as colic "therapy": a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
It is concluded that, compared with standard pediatric advice to be "responsive," supplemental carrying does not reduce crying and fussing behavior further in infants who have colic.
Pacifier use, early weaning, and cry/fuss behavior: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
It is suggested that pacifier use is a marker of breastfeeding difficulties or reduced motivation to breastfeed, rather than a true cause of early weaning, when the data were analyzed by randomized allocation.
“Sucrose Analgesia” and Diphtheria‐Tetanus-Pertussis Immunizations at 2 and 4 Months
TLDR
It is concluded that, although sucrose continues to have some effect beyond the newborn period, the effect is limited to recovery from the noxious stimulus, is clinically modest, and is probably smaller than in the newbornperiod.
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