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Receptor Recognition by the Novel Coronavirus from Wuhan: an Analysis Based on Decade-Long Structural Studies of SARS Coronavirus
TLDR
These analyses provide insights into the receptor usage, cell entry, host cell infectivity and animal origin of 2019-nCoV and may help epidemic surveillance and preventive measures against 2019- nCoV.
The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2
  • Alexander E. Susan C. Ralph S. Raoul J. Christian Anastasia Gorbalenya Baker Baric de Groot Drosten Gulyaeva H, A. Gorbalenya, J. Ziebuhr
  • Biology
    Nature Microbiology
  • 2 March 2020
TLDR
The independent zoonotic transmission of SARS-CoV and SARS -CoV-2 highlights the need for studying viruses at the species level to complement research focused on individual pathogenic viruses of immediate significance.
Comparative therapeutic efficacy of remdesivir and combination lopinavir, ritonavir, and interferon beta against MERS-CoV
TLDR
Remdesivir (RDV) has superior anti-MERS activity in vitro and in vivo compared to combination therapy with lopinavir, ritonavir and interferon beta and reduces severe lung pathology.
Broad-spectrum antiviral GS-5734 inhibits both epidemic and zoonotic coronaviruses
TLDR
Broad-spectrum antiviral GS-5734 inhibits both epidemic and zoonotic coronaviruses in vitro and in vivo and may prove effective against endemic MERS-CoV in the Middle East, circulating human CoV, and, possibly most importantly, emerging CoV of the future.
Norwalk virus: How infectious is it?
TLDR
A new variant of the hit theory model of microbial infection was developed to estimate the variation in Norwalk virus infectivity, as well as the degree of virus aggregation, consistent with independent (electron microscopic) observations.
Sharing and community curation of mass spectrometry data with Global Natural Products Social Molecular Networking
TLDR
In GNPS, crowdsourced curation of freely available community-wide reference MS libraries will underpin improved annotations and data-driven social-networking should facilitate identification of spectra and foster collaborations.
Coronavirus Susceptibility to the Antiviral Remdesivir (GS-5734) Is Mediated by the Viral Polymerase and the Proofreading Exoribonuclease
TLDR
It is shown that GS-5734 inhibits murine hepatitis virus (MHV) with similar 50% effective concentration values (EC50) as SARS-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS- coV) and that resistance can be overcome with increased, nontoxic concentrations of GS- 5734, further supporting the development of GS -5734 as a broad-spectrum therapeutic to protect against contemporary and emerging CoVs.
Mechanisms of GII.4 Norovirus Persistence in Human Populations
TLDR
Molecular mechanisms governing GII.4 epidemiology, susceptibility, and persistence in human populations suggest that the surface-exposed carbohydrate ligand binding domain in the norovirus capsid is under heavy immune selection and likely evolves by antigenic drift in the face of human herd immunity.
Human susceptibility and resistance to Norwalk virus infection
TLDR
It is shown that resistance to Norwalk virus infection is multifactorial, and of the susceptible population that encoded a functional FUT2 gene, a portion was resistant to infection, suggesting that a memory immune response or some other unidentified factor also affords protection from Norovirus infection.
An orally bioavailable broad-spectrum antiviral inhibits SARS-CoV-2 in human airway epithelial cell cultures and multiple coronaviruses in mice
A ribonucleoside analog inhibits SARS-CoV-2 in human airway epithelial cell cultures and SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in mice. Catastrophic consequences Broad-spectrum antivirals are desirable, particularly
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