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INVITED REVIEW: Molecular analysis of predation: a review of best practice for DNA‐based approaches
TLDR
In more specialized areas, the utility of temperature and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to examine responses of predators to prey diversity, and the potential of quantitative polymerase chain reaction systems to quantify predation are examined. Expand
Opening a can of worms: unprecedented sympatric cryptic diversity within British lumbricid earthworms
TLDR
The aim was to examine the genetic structure of common earthworm species, to identify cryptic lineages or species that may be distinct ecotypes or biotypes (and hence confound current research based upon morphotypes) and to try to explain the massive cryptic diversity that eventually emerged. Expand
Chloroplast DNA recognizes three refugial sources of European oaks and suggests independent eastern and western immigrations to Finland
TLDR
Patterns of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) variation are used to investigate the postglacial colonization history of the European oak species Quercus robur and Q. petraea and reveal four polymorphic sites which identify four cytotypes with characteristic geographical distributions. Expand
Prey choice by carabid beetles feeding on an earthworm community analysed using species‐ and lineage‐specific PCR primers
TLDR
It is concluded that any management system that increases earthworm densities generally, regardless of component species, is likely to be optimal for increasing numbers of this beneficial beetle predator. Expand
Molecular evidence for the maternal parentage in the hybrid origin of Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard
TLDR
The DNA sequence of the chloroplast leucine tRNA gene intron was used to show that the introduced North American S. alterniflora is the female parent of the F1 hybrid S. x townsendii and the amphiploid S. anglica. Expand
Molecular analysis of faecal samples from birds to identify potential crop pests and useful biocontrol agents in natural areas.
TLDR
Using PCR to amplify prey DNA from three sympatric songbirds foraging on small invertebrates in Phragmites reedbed ecosystems provides a practical way of sampling a whole habitat at once, providing growers with information on possible invasion by locally resident pests and the colonization potential of natural enemies from local natural habitats. Expand
Intraguild predation in winter wheat: prey choice by a common epigeal carabid consuming spiders
TLDR
This work tested the null hypothesis that predation by the epigeal predator Pterostichus melanarius on different spiders is species-independent (proportional to density), and showed strong evidence of prey choice. Expand
New insight into the genetic structure of the Allolobophora chlorotica aggregate in Europe using microsatellite and mitochondrial data
TLDR
Microsatellite data confirmed that the green morph represents a single taxon and microsatellites provided evidence for hybridization between lineages and between morphs in the field, and mitochondrial data revealed the existence of two additional mitochondrial lineages within the pink morph. Expand
Reciprocal hybrid formation of Spartina in San Francisco Bay
TLDR
The most significant finding was that hybridization proceeds in both directions, assuming maternal inheritance of cpDNA; 26 of the 36 hybrid Spartina plants from San Francisco Bay contained the S. foliosa haplotype, nine contained haplotypes of the invading S. alterniflora, and one had the cpDNA of unknown origin. Expand
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