R van Charldorp

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Fragments comprising the 49 nucleotides from the 3'-end have been purified from 16S ribosomal RNA of wild-type Escherichia coli and from a kasugamycin-resistant mutant that specifically lacks dimethylation of two adjacent adenines near the 3'-terminus. These fragments, obtained after treatment of ribosomes in vitro with the bacteriocin cloacin DF13, were(More)
The 49 nucleotides fragment derived from the 3' end of 16S rRNA by cloacin DF13, is not cleaved by ribonuclease T1 at a guanosine residue tha is present at 27 nucleotides from the 3' terminus (position 115 in 16S rRNA). Analysis of the isolated nucleotide indicates that it is a modified G residue. In vivo labeling with (3H)methionine shows that this G is(More)
The sequence and the position of post-transcriptionally modified residues of the 3' -terminal end of Bacillus stearothermophilus 16S ribosomal RNA have been determined from the fragment that is cleaved off by bacteriocin treatment. The fragment contains 52 nucleotides, as compared to the 49 nucleotides of the corresponding fragment from E. coli ribosomes,(More)
The 3' terminus of 16S rRNA has been implicated in the recognition of mRNA's by the ribosome. A fragment containing the 3'-terminal 49 nucleotides cleaved from the rRNA by cloacin DF13 was isolated in a pure form. The secondary structure of this fragment has been studied by measuring the high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectra. The resonances(More)
30S ribosomes were isolated from a kasugamycin resistant mutant of E. coli that lacks methylgroups on two adjacent adenines in 16S ribosomal RNA. These ribosomes were methylated in vitro with a purified methylating enzyme and 5-S-adenosyl-(13C-methyl)-L-methionine chloride ((13C-methyl)-SAM) as methyldonor. After in situ cleavage of the 16S ribosomal RNA by(More)
The electrophoretic mobility of RNA fragments derived from the 3'-end of 16S rRNA on slabs of polyacrylamide gel in the presence of urea is strongly influenced by dimethylation of the N6-aminogroup of two adjacent adenosines. This is not due to the presence of the methylgroups per se, but must be ascribed to an effect of methylation on long range(More)
The effect of bacteriocin (cloacin DF13) treatment of Escherichia coli ribosomes on initiation of protein synthesis has been studied in detail. In agreement with our previous findings [Baan et al. (1976) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 73, 702--706] it is shown that 70-S initiation complexes can be formed with cloacin-treated ribosomes, but that the initiation(More)
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