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Resistance against the cytotoxic actions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) is an active process requiring the synthesis of TNF-inducible proteins. The specific TNF-induced proteins so far identified (manganese superoxide dismutase and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2) as having a role in resistance against TNF cytotoxicity are able to confer only(More)
T lymphocytes utilize adhesion receptors in a regulated manner to interact with other cells and with components of the extracellular matrix. These cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions serve a critical role in T cell recognition of foreign Ag and in the migration of T cells to various anatomic sites in vivo. Thrombospondin is an extracellular matrix(More)
A precipitating factor in the development of atherosclerotic lesions is the inappropriate migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) within the intima of the vessel wall. Focusing on the role of extracellular matrix proteins in SMC migration, we have demonstrated that thrombospondin (TSP) itself is a potent modulator of SMC motility(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP) is a trimeric glycoprotein of Mr 420,000. It was originally described as a major component of human platelet alpha granules and is essential for the secondary phase of platelet aggregation. TSP is also synthesized and secreted by a variety of nucleated cells where it functions in processes involving growth and adhesion of cells to the(More)
The interactions of tumorigenic cells with the extracellular matrix play a critical role in the establishment of metastases. Thrombospondin (TSP) is prominent at sites of tissue injury and promotes the attachment, spreading, and motility of several cell types. We have investigated the relationship between human carcinoma cell metastatic potential and(More)
The metastatic 11B squamous carcinoma cell line synthesizes and secretes high levels of the extracellular matrix glycoprotein thrombospondin (TSP) and displays aggressive invasiveness in a nude mouse model forming highly undifferentiated tumors. The importance of adhesion events involving extracellular matrix proteins and the tumorigenic cell surface in(More)
The way in which actin and myosin II become localized to the contractile ring of dividing cells resulting in cleavage furrow formation and cytokinesis is unknown. While much is known about actin binding proteins and actin localization, little is known about myosin localization. A 53-kDa (53K) polypeptide present in the sea urchin egg binds to myosin II in a(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP), an adhesive glycoprotein, is incorporated into the extracellular matrix, mediates cell attachment and spreading, chemotaxis, haptotaxis, and may participate in the directed movement of cells in metastasis. Evidence from several model systems suggests that these functions may be mediated by different domains within the TSP molecule.(More)
We identify a novel myosin-binding protein, designated 53K, which appears to mediate the low ionic strength solubility of myosin in extracts of unfertilized sea urchin eggs. The protein possesses a subunit molecular mass on SDS-PAGE of 53 kD, an S value of 7, may be organized into disulfide-linked oligomers, and is associated with myosin in egg extracts.(More)
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