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Retinoids exert wide-spectrum anti-tumor activities, which are mediated via the induction of growth arrest, differentiation or apoptosis. To determine whether the effects of retinoids are mediated by specific gene activation or repression, SC-M1 CL23 gastric cancer cells, pretreated with either vehicle alone or all-trans retinoic acid (10 microM) for 1 day,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation develops in 41% of breast cancer (BC) patients carrying HBV after chemotherapy. Our study aimed to determine the role of preemptive use of lamivudine in BC patients undergoing chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The test group consisted of 11 female patients with BC who were(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is based on reflux symptoms. Although metabolic syndrome has been linked to erosive oesophagitis (EO), the impact of insulin resistance, the core of the metabolic syndrome, on reflux symptoms remains to be elucidated. AIM To assess the effects of insulin resistance on GERD, including(More)
PURPOSE High-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas of the stomach are generally believed to be Helicobacter pylori-independent, autonomously growing tumors. However, anecdotal cases of regression of high-grade lymphomas after the cure of H pylori infection had been described. The present prospective study was conducted to evaluate the(More)
RARRES3 is a retinoid-inducible class II tumour-suppressor gene. This study analysed the expression of RARRES3 protein in normal, adenoma and carcinoma tissues of the colorectum and its correlation with tumour differentiation. The expression of RARRES3 protein in 151 paraffin-embedded colorectal tissues (11 distal normal mucosa, 20 adenoma and 120(More)
Retinoic acid has been recognised as a pivotal compound in cell differentiation, proliferation and malignant transformation. We investigated the effects of all-trans-retinoic acid on cell growth and the expression of retinoid nuclear receptor mRNAs in gastric cancer cells in vitro. Cell growth was quantified by measuring total cellular DNA. The growth of(More)
The presence of tumour cells in the blood circulation may predict disease recurrence and metastasis. We have evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of detecting hepatoma cells in blood using nested polymerase chain reaction with primers specific for the alphafetoprotein (AFP) gene. The nested polymerase chain reaction amplified a 270-base pair AFP DNA(More)
A splice variant of CD44 (exon V4-V7) confers metastatic behavior in a rat carcinoma model; aberrant expression of splice variants has been detected on a variety of human tumor cell lines as well as primary and metastatic human tumors, including lymphomas, carcinomas (colon, thyroid, mamma, bladder), and glioma. We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tamoxifen has previously been shown to prolong the survival of patients with advanced stages of hepatocellular carcinoma and it has been suggested that it inhibits the growth of hepatoma cells through an estrogen receptor-dependent mechanism. We have studied the effects of the synthetic estrogen, mestranol, and the antiestrogen, tamoxifen,(More)