R. Wayne Frost

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The effect of an antacid (Maalox) and ranitidine administration on the absorption of ciprofloxacin was evaluated in healthy male volunteers who were enrolled in three separate studies. Each study was designed at a three- or four-period crossover and included the administration of 750 mg ciprofloxacin alone as a control treatment. Treatments that were(More)
The dynamic interaction between variables within the gastrointestinal tract and the physiochemical properties of a drug in a delivery system determine the rate and extent of absorption of that drug. Among the major physiologic variables are pH, gastric emptying time, and intestinal transit time. Some physicochemical properties of interest include(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Creatine supplementation improves muscle strength in some patient populations with neurologic disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine whether creatine supplementation improves muscle strength and endurance in weak upper limb muscles in persons with tetraplegia, and whether it improves function. METHODS Outpatients(More)
This study was designed to determine the effects of an aluminum hydroxide antacid and a calcium carbonate antacid on the bioavailability of ciprofloxacin (Cipro). Cipro (750 mg) was administered orally to 12 healthy volunteers in a three-way randomized crossover design. The three treatments included Cipro alone, four 850-mg calcium carbonate tablets taken 5(More)
The bioavailability of ciprofloxacin after its administration through a nasogastric (NG) feeding tube was studied in six healthy volunteers. Each subject received, on separate occasions, an intact 750-mg ciprofloxacin tablet, a crushed tablet as a suspension through an NG tube, and a crushed tablet as a suspension through an NG tube while receiving enteral(More)
Healthy subjects were given single intravenous doses of ciprofloxacin, azlocillin, and the two drugs simultaneously on separate occasions. High-pressure liquid chromatographic analysis was used to assay the concentrations of both drugs in serum and urine. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by noncompartmental methods. The total body (CL), renal(More)
The effect of renal impairment on the single dose pharmacokinetics of oral enoxacin was studied in 28 volunteers with creatinine clearances ranging from less than 15 to 120 ml/min, including patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis. Following an overnight fast, 400 mg of enoxacin was administered orally to each subject. Blood and urine samples were(More)