R. W. Zhou

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Autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) result from complex and poorly understood interactions of genetic and environmental factors. A central role for T cells in MS is supported by mouse models, association of the major histocompatibility complex region, and association of critical T cell growth regulator genes such as interleukin-2 receptor(More)
How environmental factors combine with genetic risk at the molecular level to promote complex trait diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) is largely unknown. In mice, N-glycan branching by the Golgi enzymes Mgat1 and/or Mgat5 prevents T cell hyperactivity, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) endocytosis, spontaneous inflammatory demyelination and(More)
In a recent study on multiple sclerosis (MS), we observed additive effects and epistatic interactions between variants of four genes that converge to induce T-cell hyperactivity by altering Asn-(N)-linked protein glycosylation: namely, the Golgi enzyme MGAT1, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4), interleukin-2 receptor-α (IL2RA) and interleukin-7(More)
Essential biological systems employ self-correcting mechanisms to maintain cellular homeostasis. Mammalian cell function is dynamically regulated by the interaction of cell surface galectins with branched N-glycans. Here we report that N-glycan branching deficiency triggers the Golgi to generate bioequivalent N-glycans that preserve galectin-glycoprotein(More)
Deficiency of the Golgi N-glycan branching enzyme Mgat5 in mice promotes T cell hyperactivity, endocytosis of CTLA-4 and autoimmunity, including a spontaneous multiple sclerosis (MS)-like disease. Multiple genetic and environmental MS risk factors lower N-glycan branching in T cells. These include variants in interleukin-2 receptor-α (IL2RA), interleukin-7(More)
Positive selection of diverse yet self-tolerant thymocytes is vital to immunity and requires a limited degree of T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling in response to self peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (self peptide-MHCs). Affinity of newly generated TCR for peptide-MHC primarily sets the boundaries for positive selection. We report that(More)
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