R. W. Sponzo

Learn More
The prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy was analyzed using data from 3,047 patients enrolled in 12 chemotherapy protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The frequency of weight loss ranged from 31 percent for favorable non-Hodgkin's lymphoma to 87 percent in gastric cancer. Median survival was significantly shorter in nine(More)
Instilled bleomycin and thoracostomy were utilized in 38 patients with malignant pleural effusions; the therapy produced a complete or partial response rate of 63%. Toxicity was minimal. In patients with intraperitoneal effusions, bleomycin instillation after drainage produced a complete or partial response in 36%. One patient had severe hypotension and(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of solid tumors rarely has been associated with tumor lysis syndrome. However, to the authors' knowledge the clinical scenario has not been reported previously in melanoma patients. METHODS A patient with bulky metastatic melanoma was treated with concurrent biochemotherapy using interleukin-2, interferon-alpha, and a combination of(More)
This report presents the results of a study to examine the feasibility of using volunteers as research staff for a randomized trial of whether reduction in dietary fat intake could prevent or delay breast cancer recurrence. We examined whether volunteers could be trained to recruit study participants, deliver a complex and intensive dietary intervention,(More)
In 126 postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer, four chemotherapeutic combination programs were tested. Patients were stratified and randomized to one of the four programs: (1) fluorouracil, cytoxan and prednisone (CFP): (2) fluorouracil, cytoxan and Adriamycin (CAF); (3) cytoxan and Adriamycin (CA); or (4) alternating combinations of CFP-CA.(More)
Two hundred and eighty-four patients with inoperable non-small cell lung carcinoma were randomized by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group to receive one of seven primary chemotherapy regimens: cyclophosphamide and methotrexate; Baker's antifol; vincristine, bleomycin, and methotrexate; melphalan; cyclophosphamide and CCNU (control arm); 5-FU(More)
The effectiveness of DTIC in the treatment of Grade III and IV astrocytomas was analyzed in two phases. In the first phase, 14 patients (Group A) with progressive neurologic dysfunction following primary treatment were treated with DTIC alone (8 patients) or in combination with CCNU or methyl CCNU (6 patients) and evaluated for change in neurologic status.(More)