R W Parkey

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Estrogens are important for normal bone growth and metabolism. The mechanisms are incompletely understood. Thus, we have undertaken characterization of the skeletal phenotype of aromatase (ArKO) deficient mice. No abnormalities have been noted in skeletal patterning in newborns. Adult ArKO mice show decreased femur length and decreased peak Bone Mineral(More)
Because determination of neurologic integrity after severe limb trauma is crucial in patient care, the authors assessed magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as a tool to map denervated motor units of skeletal muscle in patients with traumatic peripheral neuropathy. Denervation was confirmed in 22 patients with use of electromyography, surgery, or both. MR(More)
It has been shown previously that for constant magnetic field gradients, constant velocity flow leads to even-echo rephasing for all echo delay times. We show that for flow which is not pluglike, even-echo rephasing also occurs for the pulsed readout gradients used in magnetic resonance imaging if and only if the gradients begin at the time the 90 degrees(More)
Clinical interpretation of the subtle changes present in MR images in the setting of disease currently relies on subjective image analysis. Image evaluation could potentially be improved by computerized segmentation and precise quantification of the image anatomy. However, this cannot be automated unless reliable navigation within an image is established,(More)
The effects of pulsatile flow on spin phases in spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging are considered. General expressions for the spin phases of the first four echoes are derived in terms of the Fourier coefficients of flow. These expressions are valid for any time-dependent acceleration and, hence, are not restricted to constant acceleration. The derived(More)
To evaluate the spatial distribution of human forearm musculature stressed by finger-specific exercise, magnetic resonance imaging was performed in conjunction with exercise protocols designed to separately stress the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus. These muscles were shown to consist of subvolumes selectively recruited by(More)
Myocardial infarct extension after the acute event was defined as a second reise in the myocardial isoenzyme of serum creatine kinase (CK-B) after the initial return of CK-B to normal values. In 43 patients with acute myocardial infarcts, CK-B was measured by radioimmunoassay every 12 hours for 14 days. Nineteen patients had anterior transmural myocardial(More)
The effects of Poisson noise on three estimates of ejection fraction made from left-ventricular time-activity curves have been investigated. All three methods are based on a sinusoidal model of left-ventricular volume changes. The first, developed by Schelbert et al., overestimates the ejection fraction for low-activity levels and low ejection fractions.(More)
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