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The nucleotide sequence of the DNA genome of Spodoptera exigua multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (SeMNPV), a group II NPV, was determined and analysed. The genome contains 135611 bp and has a G+C content of 44 mol%. Computer-assisted analysis revealed 139 ORFs of 150 nucleotides or larger; 103 have homologues in Autographa californica MNPV (AcMNPV) and a(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the nucleoprotein (N) genes of seven tospovirus isolates representing three serogroups were determined and used to establish phylogenetic parameters to delineate species within the Tospovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. A high sequence divergence (55.9% identity at the nucleotide level) was observed between isolates of serogroup I(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the S RNA of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) was determined. The RNA is 2916 nucleotides long and has an ambisense coding strategy. The sequence contains two open reading frames (ORFs), one in the viral sense which encodes a protein with a predicted Mr of 52.4K and one in the viral complementary sense which encodes the(More)
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) shares a number of properties with tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), the type species of the genus tospovirus within the family Bunyaviridae. INSV, however, differs from TSWV in plant host range and serology. In order to define the genomic structure and the taxonomic status of this TSWV-like virus, the nucleotide(More)
The complete sequence of the tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) M RNA segment has been determined. The RNA is 4821 nucleotides long and has an ambisense coding strategy similar to that of the S RNA segment. The M RNA segment contains two open reading frames (ORFs), one in the viral sense which encodes a protein with a predicted size of 33.6K, and one in the(More)
Twenty tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) isolates were serologically compared in ELISA employing five different procedures using a rabbit polyclonal antiserum against nucleocapsid proteins (NuAbR) and mouse monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), two directed to nucleocapsid proteins (N1 and N2) and four directed to glycoproteins G1 to G4. All the antisera were raised(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of an infectious clone of soybean chlorotic mottle virus (SoyCMV) DNA was determined and compared with those of three other caulimoviruses, cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), carnation etched ring virus and figwort mosaic virus. The double-stranded DNA genome of SoyCMV (8,175 bp) contained nine open reading frames (ORFs) and(More)
ABSTRACT A new tospovirus species serologically distinct from all other established tospoviruses was found in tomato in Iran. Typical disease symptoms observed include necrotic lesions on the leaves and yellow ring spots on the fruits, hence the name Tomato yellow ring virus (TYRV) was proposed. The S RNA of this virus was cloned and its 3,061 nucleotide(More)
To obtain virus-resistant host plants, a range of operational strategies can be followed nowadays. While for decades plant breeders have been able to introduce natural resistance genes in susceptible genotypes without knowing precisely what these resistance traits were, currently a growing number of (mostly) dominant resistance genes have been cloned and(More)
Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum plants expressing RNA sequences of the tomato spotted wilt virus NSM gene, which encodes the putative viral movement protein, were found to be highly resistant to infection with the virus. Expression of untranslatable as well as anti-sense RNA of the NSM gene resulted in resistance levels as high as those in plants expressing(More)