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  • R W Gülch
  • 1994
Based on the physiological principles of the muscular force-velocity concept, this paper deals with the special problems associated with determining and interpreting force-velocity relations of muscles in situ particularly in humans. In the strict sense, instead of force-velocity relations merely torque-angular velocity relations of a joint can be measured(More)
Physical and technical limitations have to be considered when measuring small torques over a wide range of angles during joint movements in humans using isokinetic methods, i.e. at constant angular velocities. In the concentric mode, during the initial phase, the subject must actively accelerate the lever of the isokinetic dynamometer to a present velocity.(More)
Eccentric and posteccentric force behaviour in human skeletal muscle and in isolated frog muscle fibres was studied by imposing stretch-and-hold loading conditions during contractions with maximal voluntary effort or under tetanic stimulation in the isolated preparations. The investigations on human muscle were made on the forearm flexors of a group of(More)
In the isotonically beating cat papillary muscle, a sudden augmentation of the preload initiates a visco-elastic strain retardation, in the course of which the preparations show a marked increase in their isotonic mechanogram amplitudes. It is preceded in the first seconds by a short-term decline. These effects correspond well with the phenomena of stress(More)
The effects of an 8-week unilateral contract-relax (CR) stretching training program (passive stretch after isometric contraction) on muscular performance were investigated in a group of 16 athletes. The flexibility, maximum torque and angular position as well as contraction work in movements of the knee joint were determined before training and after 4 and(More)
Based on model calculations a mathematical approach has been developed which permits an analysis and approximative evaluation of the significance of geometric and various muscle physiological factors for cardiac stroke volume with respect to anatomical ventricular size. Despite increasing wall stress the stroke volume generally increases with growing(More)
Although it is generally accepted that ventricular geometric configuration plays an important role for manifestation of cardiac pumping failure, the relative significance of structural dilatation vs impaired myocardial performance- and the interaction of these factors-have not been thoroughly addressed. Besides its unfavorable effects on coronary(More)