R W Busker

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To investigate at which dose levels undesirable effects started, behavioural performance and several physiological parameters were measured in marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) after soman (1.75 and 3.5 micrograms/kg), sarin (3 and 6 micrograms/kg), physostigmine (10 and 20 micrograms/kg), and pyridostigmine (200 and 400 micrograms/kg). Effects on performance(More)
Effects of the oxime HI-6, unrelated to reactivation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), on field potentials in the dentate gyrus of the rat hippocampus following AChE inhibition, were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. In hippocampal slices, AChE inhibition decreased the perforant path evoked population spike amplitude (PSA). This effect could be(More)
To prevent incapacitation following nerve agent intoxications, it is proposed to replace pyridostigmine by the centrally active carbamate physostigmine (PHY). Behavioral and neurophysiological effects of PHY were determined and whether these effects would be counteracted by scopolamine. In addition, we compared them with the effects of another reversible(More)
The behavioral and neurophysiological effects of the subchronically administered cholinesterase-inhibitor physostigmine (PHY) (0.025 mg/kg/h) either with or without the muscarinergic antagonist scopolamine (SCO) (0.018 mg/kg/h) were determined in guinea pigs. In contrast to a single injection of PHY, subchronic application by osmotic minipumps of PHY, even(More)
This mini-review mainly describes a part of the pharmacological research carried out in our laboratory during the past decades, aimed at finding a therapy against intoxication by cholinesterase-inhibiting organophosphates, in particular against the nerve agent soman. In particular soman, because this is one of the nerve agents that consistently appears to(More)
The severity of poisoning following acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition correlates weakly with total AChE activity. This may be partly due to the existence of functional and non-functional pools of AChE. AChE consists of several molecular forms. The aim of the present study was to investigate which of these forms will correlate best with neuromuscular(More)
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