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Clinicians now realize the limitations of the physical examination in detecting compensated shock states, the severity of uncompensated states, and in determining the adequacy of resuscitation in order to prevent subsequent post-traumatic multisystem organ failure and death. A renewed interest has developed in interrogating the state of oxygen transport at(More)
Although the mouse is the most commonly used transgenic species, little is known regarding cardiovascular and fluid homeostasis in this animal. Therefore, the reference microsphere and dilution techniques were adapted for the measurement of cardiac output (CO), regional blood flows, and intravascular fluid volumes in the conscious mouse. Previously(More)
Hyporeactivity of vessels to constrictor agents is thought to contribute to cardiovascular decompensation following trauma-hemorrhage and resuscitation. In this study, we determined if inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS) activity prevented the development of vascular hyporeactivity in rats following trauma-hemorrhage and resuscitation. Trauma(More)
Intravenous perfluorocarbon emulsion (IV-PFC) has been shown to provide hemodynamic protection from gas embolism (Venous-VGE or arterial-AGE). The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of PFC protection from controlled VGE by quantifying the effects of IV-PFC emulsion on pulmonary elimination of nitrogen (N2). All rabbits received an(More)
Previous studies suggested that exogenous atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) altered extracellular fluid partition between plasma and interstitium. The effect of ANF and a similarly effective diuretic dose of furosemide on whole-body transcapillary fluid movement was studied in anesthetized rats by measuring changes in urine and plasma volumes, while(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic shock activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) to mediate a cascade of defensive mechanisms that often include overwhelming inflammatory response and immunosuppression, which may lead to multiple organ failure. Androstenetriol (5 androstene, 3beta, 7beta, 17beta triol-AET) is a metabolite of dehydroepiandrosterone that(More)
Diabetes mellitus is often associated with a cardiomyopathy characterized by alterations in cardiac metabolism and declines in cardiac performance. We sought to determine whether exercise training would attenuate the depressed cardiac performance seen in diabetic animals. Female rats were divided into four groups: sedentary control, trained control,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study tested whether the combination of dobutamine echocardiography (DE) and myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was superior to either technique alone in identifying postischemic myocardium and in differentiating it from necrotic myocardium. BACKGROUND Wall motion abnormalities at rest occur in postischemic myocardium in the(More)
This study was undertaken to examine the role of lactate on cardiac function and metabolism after severe acute hemorrhagic shock. Anesthetized, nonheparinized rats were bled to a mean arterial pressure of 25-30 mm Hg for 1 h; controls were not bled. Their hearts were removed, and cardiac work and efficiency (work/oxygen consumption) were measured in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Test whether brief deep hemorrhagic hypotension or prolonged moderate hemorrhagic hypotension impairs intrinsic heart function. METHODS Pentobarbital-anesthetized, non-anticoagulated rats were cannulated via the carotid artery. This study focuses on three main groups: 1) hemorrhage to a mean arterial blood pressure (MAP)=25 mm Hg for 1 h (1 h(More)