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Parkinson's disease (PD) features oxidative stress and accumulation of misfolded (unfolded, alternatively folded, or mutant) proteins with associated loss of dopaminergic neurons. Oxidative stress and the accumulated misfolded proteins elicit cellular responses that include an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response that may protect cells against the(More)
A major unanswered question in biology and medicine is the mechanism by which the product of the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele, the lipid-binding protein apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4), plays a pivotal role in processes as disparate as Alzheimer's disease (AD; in which it is the single most important genetic risk factor), atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease,(More)
Tropisetron was identified in a screen for candidates that increase the ratio of the trophic, neurite-extending peptide sAPPα to the anti-trophic, neurite-retractive peptide Aβ, thus reversing this imbalance in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We describe here a hierarchical screening approach to identify such drug candidates, moving from cell lines to primary(More)
We describe the cloning and characterization of a rat single transmembrane protein that is homologous to the common neurotrophin receptor p75NTR in its death domain and the transmembrane region but dissimilar outside these regions. We have dubbed this protein PLAIDD, for p75-like apoptosis-inducing death domain protein. PLAIDD messenger RNA, which is(More)
The canonical pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease links the expression of apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (ApoE) to amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and Aβ peptide accumulation by a set of mechanisms that is incompletely defined. The development of a simple system that focuses not on a single variable but on multiple factors and pathways would be(More)
Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol, exhibits antioxidant, antiaging, and anticancer activity. Resveratrol has also been shown to inhibit tumor initiation, promotion, and progression in a variety of cell culture systems. Earlier, we showed that paraquat, a bipyridyl herbicide, triggers endoplasmic reticulum stress, cell dysfunction, and(More)
Alzheimer's disease is an age-associated, irreversible, progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by severe memory loss, unusual behavior, personality changes, and a decline in cognitive function. No cure for Alzheimer's exists, and the drugs currently available to treat the disease have limited effectiveness. It is believed that(More)