R Valjakka-Koskela

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The aim of the study was to evaluate the interaction of phospholipid liposomes with skin and stratum corneum lipid liposomes (SCLLs). The influence of phospholipid liposomes on the skin permeability of model drugs was also studied. The transdermal flux of the drugs applied in various phospholipid containing formulations through human epidermis was studied(More)
Liposomes have been suggested as a vehicle for dermal and transdermal drug delivery, but the knowledge about the interaction between lipid vesicles and human skin is poor. Therefore, we visualized liposome penetration into the human skin by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) in vitro. Liposomes were prepared from phospholipids in different(More)
Phospholipids, e.g. fluid-state EPC (l-alpha-phosphatidylcholine from egg yolk), may diffuse into the stratum corneum and enhance dermal and transdermal drug penetration, while many other phospholipids, e.g. gel-state DSPC (distearoylphosphatidyl choline), are not able to do this. These effects are suggested to be due to the interactions between the(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if transdermal penetration of levosimendan, a novel positive inotropic drug, could be enhanced and controlled by formulation modifications. Penetration of levosimendan across human epidermis in vitro was determined using abdominal excised skin and diffusion cells. Predicted steady-state plasma concentrations of(More)
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