R Upshur

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Aristotle's doctrine on causation identifies four distinct types of cause: formal, efficient, material, and final. Science is said to have differentiated itself from philosophy by concentrating solely on efficient causes. Nonetheless, when applied to narratives of causation, Aristotle's doctrine provides a useful heuristic to explore the issues such as(More)
For more than 90 years, the International Joint Commission has been assisting the United States and Canadian governments in preventing and resolving potential disputes concerning the use of the boundary waters between the two countries, from coast to coast, under the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 (1). Because the International Joint Commission is a(More)
Objectives: To identify current practices and care gaps for elderly patients admitted following a hip fracture, and to characterize patients' patterns of functional recovery over 1-year. Relevance Increased awareness of existing gaps and improving our understanding of patients' recovery can help optimize patients' outcomes. Methods: Forty community-dwelling(More)
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