R. Tyler Miller

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The extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR) plays an essential role in extracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis by regulating the rate of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion and the rate of calcium reabsorption by the kidney. Activation of the renal CaSR is thought to inhibit paracellular divalent cation reabsorption in the cortical ascending limb (cTAL) both(More)
Ammonia is both produced and transported by renal epithelial cells, and it regulates renal ion transport. Recent studies have identified a family of putative ammonium transporters; mRNA for two members of this family, Rh B-glycoprotein (RhBG) and Rh C-glycoprotein (RhCG), is expressed in the kidney. The purpose of this study was to determine the cellular(More)
Cell types from many tissues respond to changes in substrate stiffness by actively remodeling their cytoskeletons to alter spread area or adhesion strength, and in some cases changing their own stiffness to match that of their substrate. These cell responses to substrate stiffness are linked to substrate-induced changes in the state, localization, and(More)
Renal tubular epithelial cell (RTC) apoptosis causes tubular atrophy, a hallmark of renal disease progression. Apoptosis is generally characterized by reduced cell volume and cytosolic pH, but epithelial cells are relatively resistant to shrinkage due to regulatory volume increase, which is mediated by Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) 1. We investigated whether(More)
The responses of cells to chemical signals are relatively well characterized and understood. Cells also respond to mechanical signals in the form of externally applied force and forces generated by cell-matrix and cell-cell contacts. Many features of cell function that are generally considered to be under the control of chemical stimuli, such as motility,(More)
These studies examined the effect of acidosis on immediate early (IE) gene expression in renal tubule cells. In MCT cells, an SV40 transformed mouse proximal tubule cell line, incubation in acid media led to transient increases in c-fos, c-jun, junB, and egr-1 mRNA abundance, peaking at 30 min to 1 h. In vivo metabolic acidosis caused more prolonged(More)
In many cases, the biologic responses of cells to extracellular signals and the specificity of the responses cannot be explained solely on the basis of the interactions of known signaling proteins. Recently, scaffolding and adaptor proteins have been identified that organize signaling proteins in cells and that contribute to the nature and specificity of(More)
Seven membrane-spanning, or G protein-coupled receptors were originally thought to act through het-erotrimeric G proteins that in turn activate intracellular enzymes or ion channels, creating relatively simple, linear signalling pathways. Although this basic model remains true in that this family does act via a relatively small number of G proteins, these(More)
The renal glomerulus, the site of plasma ultrafiltration, is exposed to mechanical force in vivo arising from capillary blood pressure and fluid flow. Studies of cultured podocytes demonstrate that they respond to stretch by altering the structure of the actin cytoskeleton, but the mechanisms by which physical force triggers this architectural change and(More)
Increased Na/H antiporter activity has been demonstrated after in vivo chronic metabolic acidosis as well as in vitro acid preincubation of cultured rabbit renal tubule cells. To study the underlying molecular mechanisms of this adaptive increase in Na/H antiporter activity, the present studies examined the effect of low pH media on Na/H antiporter activity(More)