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We have analyzed the pathfinding of thalamocortical axons (TCAs) from dorsal thalamus to neocortex in relation to specific cell domains in the forebrain of wild-type and Mash-1-deficient mice. In wild-type mice, we identified four cell domains that constitute the proximal part of the TCA pathway. These domains are distinguished by patterns of gene(More)
Projection neurons throughout the mature mammalian neocortex extend efferent axons either through the ventrolaterally positioned internal capsule to subcortical targets or through the dorsally located midline corpus callosum to the contralateral cortex. In rats, the internal capsule is pioneered on E14, but the corpus callosum is not pioneered until E17,(More)
The large myelinated club endings (LMCEs) of primary eighth nerve afferents form mixed synapses on the lateral dendrite of the giant Mauthner cell. The double replica freeze-fracture technique was employed to examine the intramembrane fine structure of these LMCE synapses. Morphological correlates of both chemical and electrical transmission were found at(More)
Thalamocortical axons (TCAs), which originate in dorsal thalamus, project ventrally in diencephalon and then dorsolaterally in ventral telencephalon to their target, the neocortex. To elucidate potentially key decision points in TCA pathfinding and hence the possible localization of guidance cues, we used DiI-tracing to describe the initial trajectory of(More)
Neurons can be categorized in terms of where their axons project: within the central nervous system, within the peripheral nervous system, or through both central and peripheral environments. Examples of these categories are cerebellar neurons, sympathetic neurons, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, respectively. When explants containing one type of(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited knowledge about the potential routes for H5N1 influenza virus transmission to and between humans, and it is not clear whether humans can be infected through inhalation of aerosolized H5N1 virus particles. Ferrets are often used as a animal model for humans in influenza pathogenicity and transmissibility studies. In this(More)
We show that neurotrophins acting at the growth cone via Trk receptors can mediate rapid and distinct changes in growth cone response to collapsin-1, an inhibitory axon guidance molecule. We find that the sensitivity of growth cones of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons to collapsin-1 differs when chronically cultured in BDNF, NT-3, or NGF with those in BDNF(More)
Retinal axons show region-specific patterning along the dorsal-ventral axis of diencephalon: retinal axons grow in a compact bundle over hypothalamus, dramatically splay out over thalamus, and circumvent epithalamus as they continue toward the dorsal midbrain. In vitro, retinal axons are repulsed by substrate-bound and soluble activities in hypothalamus and(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that maturation-dependent changes in the cortical plate affect the spatiotemporal growth patterns of developing thalamocortical and corticocortical axonal projections. Given a choice between alternating lanes of embryonic (E18-19) and neonatal (P0-1) rat cortical plate membranes, embryonic (E18-19) thalamic and cortical(More)