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  • R. Tsanev
  • The International journal of developmental…
  • 2009
Roumen Tsanev was a prominent Bulgarian scientist whose pioneering ideas about the role for chromatin in cell differentiation and development led him to propose the first hypothesis for epigenetic information based on a histone code. To test experimentally his ideas, Dr.Tsanev explored nucleosome structure and heterogeneity and generated seminal data on(More)
Demembranized sperm and somatic nuclei of mammalian origin were extracted with high salt/urea/2-mercaptoethanol, treated with detergents and purified in CsCl density gradients to isolate DNA. Under these conditions a protein component still remained bound to DNA. This stable DNA-protein complex could be reduced to an oligodeoxynucleotide-peptide complex by(More)
1. The effect of gamma-irradiation (4000rd) on the synthesis of ribosomal (pre-rRNA) and heterogeneous nuclear RNA (pre-mRNA) in normal and in regenerating rat liver was studied by using 40 min labelling with [6(-14)C]orotic acid. 2. Partial hepatectomy caused a sharp transient increase in the specific radioactivity of the endogenous low-molecular-weight(More)
Two types of cell populations, nondividing mouse liver cells and exponentially growing Friend erythroleukemia cells, were studied for the presence of a histone H1 pool in the cytoplasm. Purified cytoplasmic fractions were extracted with 5% perchloric acid and the resulting protein preparation was characterized by two types of electrophoresis, gel(More)
1. A stable DNA-protein complex resisting all treatments dissociating noncovalently associated proteins was isolated from mouse erythroleukemia cells. 2. Two-dimensional tryptic peptide mapping of this DNA-linked protein component revealed a remarkable similarity to the maps of the corresponding proteins from other mammalian chromatins. 3. Labelling(More)
By using affinity-purified antibodies to H10 and to H1AB the localization of these histones was studied by indirect immunofluorescence in the nuclei of proliferating (EAT and uninduced Friend cells) and of differentiating (induced Friend cells) cell populations. While with H1AB antibodies a bright fluorescence all over the chromatin was obtained, the(More)
In view of the controversies about the existence of histone H1 in yeast we have reinvestigated the problem by studying yeast proteins extracted with perchloric acid and salt. Perchloric-acid-extracted proteins from whole cells contain only two fractions which comigrate with 'authentic' yeast high-mobility-group proteins (HMG) in both SDS and acid urea gels.(More)
Eukaryotic chromatin has a dynamic, complex hierarchical structure. Active gene transcription takes place on only a small proportion of it at a time. While many workers have tried to characterize active chromatin, we are still far from understanding all the biochemical, morphological and compositional features that distinguish it from inactive nuclear(More)
Nuclei from mature ram spermatozoa were treated with a solution of 0.25 M 2-mercaptoethanol, 2 M NaCl, 4 to 8 M urea to dissociate protamines and some other proteins from DNA. The material remaining after such a treatment was spread for electron microscopy in the microcentrifugation chamber. Two types of structures were observed determined by proteins of(More)