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The antiphospholipid syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in blood of patients with thrombosis or fetal loss. There is ample evidence that beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI) is the major antigen for antiphospholipid antibodies. The autoantibodies recognize beta(2)GPI when bound to anionic surfaces and not in solution. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Human leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor 1 (hLAIR-1) is an immune inhibitory receptor for collagen that is expressed on most immune cells. We previously showed that the LAIR-1-collagen interaction could be antagonized by the secreted homolog hLAIR-2, which can be detected in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial thrombosis is a major clinical manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome, which is an autoimmune disease found mostly in young women. Although the presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies in individuals who have a thrombotic event is a prerequisite for the diagnosis of the antiphospholipid syndrome, the risk of arterial(More)
Anti– 2–glycoprotein I antibodies are known to have a heterogeneous reactivity against 2–glycoprotein I. We performed this study to characterize the epitope on 2–glycoprotein I to which pathologic anti– 2–glycoprotein I antibodies are directed. Plasma samples from 198 patients with various systemic autoimmune diseases were tested for the presence of lupus(More)
BACKGROUND Dimerization of beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)-GPI) by autoantibodies is thought to trigger the clinical manifestations observed in the antiphospholipid syndrome. Arterial thrombosis, a frequently occurring clinical manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome, is a process in which platelets play a crucial role. Previous work has shown that(More)
The antiphospholipid syndrome is caused by autoantibodies directed against beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI). Dimerization of beta(2)GPI results in an increased platelet deposition to collagen. We found that apolipoprotein E receptor 2' (apoER2'), a member of the low density lipoprotein receptor family, is involved in activation of platelets by dimeric(More)
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a non-inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in the plasma of patients with vascular thrombosis, recurrent complications of pregnancy, or both (1, 2). The presence of aPL in plasma of patients can be detected with either a prolongation of phospholipid(More)
BACKGROUND beta2-Glycoprotein I is the most relevant antigen in antiphospholipid syndrome. We have shown that binding of dimerized beta2-GPI to platelets via ApoER2' sensitizes platelets for second activating stimuli. OBJECTIVE Determine the region of ApoER2 involved in the binding of dimeric beta2-GPI. METHODS Cultured human megakaryocytes (MK) and(More)
Anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I antibodies are known to have a heterogeneous reactivity against beta(2)-glycoprotein I. We performed this study to characterize the epitope on beta(2)-glycoprotein I to which pathologic anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I antibodies are directed. Plasma samples from 198 patients with various systemic autoimmune diseases were tested for(More)
In antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) binding to β2 glycoprotein I (β2GPI) induce endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion and thrombus formation via unknown mechanisms. Here we show that in mice both of these processes are caused by the inhibition of eNOS. In studies of cultured human, bovine, and mouse endothelial cells, the(More)