Learn More
The transformer (tra) gene of Drosophila is necessary for all aspects of female somatic sexual differentiation. tra uses a single set of precursor RNAs to produce female- and non-sex-specific RNAs by alternative splicing. Ectopic expression of the female-specific RNA causes chromosomal males to develop as females, indicative of a linear pathway of regulated(More)
The transformer (tra) gene regulates female somatic sexual differentiation and has no known function in males. It gives rise to two sizes of RNA, one non-sex-specific and one female-specific. These two RNAs are shown to be present throughout the life cycle, and related by the use of alternative first intron splice acceptor sites. The non-sex-specific RNA(More)
Raf kinases, cytoplasmic serine/threonine protein kinases, have been proposed as important participants in mitogen-induced signal transduction. However, the precise role that Raf kinase isozymes play in cellular responses such as proliferation has not been resolved. The present study investigates the ability of antisense phosphorothioate(More)
The transformer gene of Drosophila is regulated by Sex-lethal-dependent 3' splice site blockage. 40 nucleotides immediately upstream of the regulated splice site are sufficient to direct sex-specific regulated splicing in transgenic animals. This entire region appears to be necessary for regulation and for efficient Sex-lethal binding. Natural splice sites(More)
The transformer gene is one of a set of regulatory genes that form the hierarchy controlling all aspects of somatic sexual differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster. The gene transformer occupies an intermediate position in this hierarchy. Analysis of this gene has allowed us to determine the mechanism by which it is regulated in a sex-specific manner and(More)
By using the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system described in this report, it was possible to fractionate all the photosynthetic pigments of maize (Zea mays L.) thylakoids into chlorophyll-protein complexes with negligible formation of free or detergent-complexed chlorophyll. Identical sodium dodecyl sulfate extracts of thylakoids have previously(More)
Single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) were tested for their ability to stimulate NK cells isolated from murine spleens to lyse target cells. Various sequences were evaluated, some of which have been shown previously to exhibit pharmacologic activity in murine model systems. It was confirmed that the CpG motif was stimulatory only in specific sequence(More)
  • 1