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Cryptococcus neoformans is ubiquitous encapsulated yeast found throughout the world. It predominantly causes significant infections in immunocompromised individuals, of which 80-90% occur in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Disseminated cryptococcal infection is uncommon and almost always occurs in HIV-infected patients.(More)
Thirty-six human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with lymphadenopathy were subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) over a period of 2 years. The maximum number of cases was reported in the age group of 21 to 30 years. Majority of the patients were males. The maximum number of cases had tuberculosis (58.3%) followed by reactive(More)
Trimethoprim (TMP), either alone or in combination with sulphonamides, is commonly used for treating urinary tract infections. In Finland, TMP alone has been in clinical use since 1973. TMP resistance in the major outpatient urinary tract pathogen, Escherichia coli, increased during 1978-1988 from 5% to 16% in the Turku area, during 1980-1988 from 3% to 19%(More)
Development of trimethoprim resistance among Escherichia coli collected from urine samples in three areas in Finland was studied in 1978-1984. Three different trends of development of resistance were found: in the Turku area resistance has increased evenly during 1978-1982 from 5.4% to 10.1%, but thereafter a plateau seems to have been reached; in the(More)
Cysticercosis, caused by cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of Taenia solium, is potentially a dangerous systemic disease with variable clinical manifestations. The disease most commonly involves subcutaneous and muscle tissues, followed by the eye and brain. Cysticercosis can be diagnosed by various radiologic means or by serology, both of which,(More)
The role of rotavirus as a cause of a mild diarrhoeal outbreak among newborns was studied in a small neonatal unit. Thirty-two newborns and 31 controls were tested with a new latex agglutination method (Rotalex) for detection of rotavirus antigen. Thirteen infants in the study group (41%) and one control (3%) excreted rotavirus antigen in their stools (p(More)