R Somavilla

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In the Arctic, under-ice primary production is limited to summer months and is restricted not only by ice thickness and snow cover but also by the stratification of the water column, which constrains nutrient supply for algal growth. Research Vessel Polarstern visited the ice-covered eastern-central basins between 82° to 89°N and 30° to 130°E in summer(More)
From 1991, shelf and slope waters of the Southern Bay of Biscay are regularly sampled in a monthly hydrographical line north of Santander to a maximum depth of 1000m, as part of the IEO Radiales project. From 2003, a deep hydrological standard sections (part of the VACLAN project) is occupied twice a year extending the Santander section 90 miles offshore.(More)
Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable in volume to the amount of freshwater present during the Great Salinity Anomaly events, could spread and accumulate in the sub-Arctic seas,(More)
Prior to the 2000s, the North Atlantic was the basin showing the greatest warming. However, since the mid-2000s during the so-called global warming hiatus, large amounts of heat were transferred in this basin from upper to deeper levels while the dominance in terms of atmospheric heat capture moved into the Indo-Pacific. Here we show that a large(More)
In order to reinforce its contribution to the ocean monitoring, the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) deployed in June 2007 an oceanic-meteorological buoy (AGL Buoy, 43°50.67' N; 003°46.20' W, and 40 km offshore, www.boyaagl.st.ieo.es/) in the southern Bay of Biscay. The buoy is equipped with a suite of field-proven sensors for the(More)
From the last 1980s different initiatives have been carried out by the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) at its Oceanographic Centre of Santander to progressively increase its ocean observing system capabilities. From 1991, shelf and slope waters of the Southern Bay of Biscay are regularly sampled in a monthly hydrographic line north of Santander to a(More)
Severe storms happen every year in the North coast of Spain. If certain weather and oceanic conditions match, they can be quite destructive, both for ships and structures on the sea and buildings, cars, people or city furniture on land. Systems of meteorological and oceanographic observations are fundamental tools for improve the prediction models and help(More)
Ocean surface warming is commonly associated with a more stratified, less productive, and less oxygenated ocean. Such an assertion is mainly based on consistent projections of increased near-surface stratification and shallower mixed layers under global warming scenarios. However, while the observed sea surface temperature (SST) is rising at midlatitudes,(More)
The North Atlantic is characterized by diatom-dominated spring blooms that results in significant transfer of carbon to higher trophic levels and the deep ocean. These blooms are terminated by limiting silicate concentrations in summer. Numerous regional studies have demonstrated phytoplankton community shifts to lightly-silicified diatoms and(More)
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