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Endometriosis is an important gynecologic disorder primarily affecting women during their reproductive years. Pathologically, it is the result of functional endometrium located outside the uterus. It may vary from microscopic endometriotic implants to large cysts (endometriomas). The physical manifestations are protean, with some patients being asymptomatic(More)
Fetal thoracic anomalies often lead to pulmonary hypoplasia with subsequent fetal or neonatal demise. Therefore, in utero sonographic identification of these anomalies is important. Unlike cardiac anomalies, most noncardiac thoracic abnormalities are easily detected with ultrasound. An unusually small thorax is usually obvious to the experienced(More)
A review of first-trimester ultrasound findings is presented. The normal first trimester, including practical embryology and pregnancy dating, is first discussed. Abnormal first-trimester findings, including sonographic evaluation of the failing pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, gestational trophoblastic disease, and first-trimester cystic hygroma, are then(More)
With the advent of newer imaging techniques, the radiologist is now able to make very precise and accurate diagnoses of congenital uterine malformations and their complications. Because these anomalies are associated with reproductive dysfunction, they are often discovered during an infertility evaluation. By imaging parallel to the long axis of the uterus,(More)
A wide spectrum of sonographic findings can be seen in the first trimester of pregnancy. One must have an appreciation of embryology to recognize normal and abnormal early pregnancy development. In this article we emphasize discriminatory criteria for identification of normal structures, as well as ultrasound findings in threatened abortion, failing(More)
The placenta, often ignored and disposed of, is arguably the most important organ of pregnancy. Until relatively recently, the fetoplacental unit could be assessed only clinically and biochemically. Pretorius and Mahoney described ultrasonography as providing ‘‘a window of unsurpassed clarity into the gravid uterus’’ [1]. This premise applies not only to(More)
Structural abnormalities of the heart are a fairly common problem, affecting more than 8 of 1,000 newborns annually in the United States. Therefore, sonographic detection of these anomalies in utero is important. It is possible to detect a high percentage of fetal cardiac anomalies through proper sonographic examination using three central views of the(More)
Peritoneal inclusion cysts have not received the attention they merit in the imaging literature. We present a series of peritoneal inclusion cysts and describe their sonographic features. Our findings lead us to encourage more conservative therapies. All seven patients in our series had pelvic pain and had undergone surgery previously. An ovary surrounded(More)
Three patients with infected (mycotic) aortic aneurysms were diagnosed primarily by CT. In two patients findings included the presence of a saccular aneurysm with an irregular lumen, perianeurysmal fluid, gas and/or hematoma, osteomyelitis in adjacent vertebral bodies, and disruption of intimal calcification. In one patient with sepsis there was rapid(More)
Transvaginal ultrasound-guided saline infusion sonohysterography (SHG) is a relatively new technique for evaluation of the uterine cavity. As new studies declare the clinical usefulness of this technique, SHG may quickly become part of the routine ultrasound evaluation of the female pelvis. In this article, the SHG procedure is described and normal findings(More)