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B lymphocytes do not secrete IgM, and plasma cells only secrete IgM polymers. Here we show that both events are attributable to the tailpiece found at the carboxyl terminus of mus chains, and we specifically implicate Cys-575. Thus, if Cys-575 was mutated, IgM was secreted by B cells. Similarly, a mutant IgG containing a mus tailpiece became largely(More)
There are several demonstrations that misfolded or unassembled proteins are not transported along the secretory pathway, but are retained intracellularly, generally in the endoplasmic reticulum. For instance, B lymphocytes synthesize but do not secrete IgM, and only the polymeric form of IgM is secreted by plasma cells. The C-terminal cysteine of the mu(More)
Thioredoxin (TRX), a disulfide-reducing intracellular dithiol enzyme, is synthesized by both normal liver cells and the hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. Only the former, however, secrete abundant TRX extracellularly. When cultured in mild reducing conditions, HepG2 cells but not normal hepatocytes increase the rate of TRX secretion and undergo growth(More)
Analysis of the fate of a variety of newly synthesized proteins in the secretory pathway has provided evidence for the existence of a novel protein degradation system distinct from that of the lysosome. Although current evidence suggests that proteins degraded by this system are localized to a pre-Golgi compartment before degradation, the site of(More)
KIF3A, KIF3B and KIF3C are kinesin-related motor subunits of the KIF3 family that associate to form the kinesin-II motor complex in which KIF3C and KIF3B are alternative partners of KIF3A. We have analysed the expression of Kif3 mRNAs during prenatal murine development. Kif3c transcripts are detectable from embryonic day 12.5 and persist throughout(More)
Protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) often involves the formation of disulfide bonds. The oxidizing conditions required within this organelle were shown to be maintained through the release of small thiols, mainly cysteine and glutathione. Thiol secretion was stimulated when proteins rich in disulfide bonds were translocated into the ER, and(More)
We have compared the synthesis and processing of immunoglobulin alpha chains in two murine cell lines, a B cell lymphoma that expresses membrane-bound IgA and a hybridoma that secretes IgA. Results of biosynthetic labeling experiments demonstrated that membrane-bound and secreted alpha chains have two distinct intracellular precursors, of different(More)
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