Learn More
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a factory where secretory proteins are manufactured, and where stringent quality-control systems ensure that only correctly folded proteins are sent to their final destinations. The changing needs of the ER factory are monitored by integrated signalling pathways that constantly adjust the levels of folding assistants. ER(More)
To warrant the quality of the secretory proteome, stringent control systems operate at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi interface, preventing the release of nonnative products. Incompletely assembled oligomeric proteins that are deemed correctly folded must rely on additional quality control mechanisms dedicated to proper assembly. Here we unveil how(More)
MOTIVATION Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based RNA fingerprinting is a powerful tool for the isolation of differentially expressed genes in studies of neoplasia, differentiation or development. Arbitrarily primed RNA fingerprinting is capable of targeting coding regions of genes, as opposed to differential display techniques, which target 3' non-coding(More)
Thioredoxin (TRX), a disulfide-reducing intracellular dithiol enzyme, is synthesized by both normal liver cells and the hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. Only the former, however, secrete abundant TRX extracellularly. When cultured in mild reducing conditions, HepG2 cells but not normal hepatocytes increase the rate of TRX secretion and undergo growth(More)
B lymphocytes do not secrete IgM, and plasma cells only secrete IgM polymers. Here we show that both events are attributable to the tailpiece found at the carboxyl terminus of mus chains, and we specifically implicate Cys-575. Thus, if Cys-575 was mutated, IgM was secreted by B cells. Similarly, a mutant IgG containing a mus tailpiece became largely(More)
Many patients affected by early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD), carry mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene. Since it has been suggested that FAD-linked PS1 mutations impair the unfolded protein response (UPR) due to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we analyzed the UPR and amyloid beta-protein processing in fibroblasts bearing various PS1(More)
The cellular pathways activated by mutant prion protein (PrP) in genetic prion diseases, ultimately leading to neuronal dysfunction and degeneration, are not known. Several mutant PrPs misfold in the early secretory pathway and reside longer in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) possibly stimulating ER stress-related pathogenic mechanisms. To investigate(More)