R. Shayn Martin

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Severe injury and shock are frequently associated with abnormalities in patient body temperature. Substantial increases in mortality have been associated with profound hypothermia, especially below 35 degrees C. The purpose of this study was to further characterize the impact of hypothermia in a large dataset of trauma patients. This study was a(More)
BACKGROUND Nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injury is well accepted. Substantial failure rates in higher injury grades remain common, with one large study reporting rates of 19.6%, 33.3%, and 75% for grades III, IV, and V, respectively. Retrospective data show angiography and embolization can increase salvage rates in these severe injuries. We(More)
BACKGROUND Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is an adverse complication seen in critically ill, injured, and postoperative patients. IAP is estimated via the measurement of bladder pressure. Few studies have been performed to establish the actual relationship between IAP and bladder pressure. The purpose of this study was to confirm the association(More)
Poly arteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic vasculitis with a male: female ratio of 2:1 and a peak incidence in the fifth decade. Small to medium-sized arteries are involved by focal transmural inflammatory necrosis. Aneurysms with inflammatory destruction of the media also occur. The most frequently involved organs are the kidney, heart, lung, liver, and(More)
BACKGROUND Aspiration of colonized oropharyngeal secretions is a major factor in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). A tapered-cuff endotracheal tube (ETT) has been demonstrated to reduce aspiration around the cuff. Whether these properties are efficacious in reducing VAP is not known. METHODS This 2-period, investigator-initiated(More)
BACKGROUND Venovenous extracorporeal life support (VV ECLS) has been reported in adult trauma patients with severe respiratory failure; however, ECLS is not available in many trauma centers, few trauma surgeons have experience initiating ECLS and managing ECLS patients, and there is currently little evidence supporting its use in severely injured patients.(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic injury may result in an exaggerated response to subsequent immune stimuli such as nosocomial infection. This "second hit" phenomenon and molecular mechanism(s) of immune priming by traumatic lung injury, specifically, pulmonary contusion, remain unknown. We used an animal model of pulmonary contusion to determine whether the injury(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary contusion (PC) is a common injury associated with blunt chest trauma. Complications such as pneumonia and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occur in up to 50% of patients with PC. The ability to predict which PC patients are at increased risk of developing complications would be of tremendous clinical utility. In this study, we(More)
PURPOSE Results from 34 endovascular repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms are reviewed to identify technical complications and relate them to anatomic and technical features of the operation. METHODS Twenty-one patients underwent attempted tube graft repair (mean follow-up, 13 months). Thirteen patients underwent placement of a bifurcated graft (mean(More)
In some populations, intensive care unit (ICU) mobility has been shown to be safe and beneficial. We gathered data on 50 nonintubated surgical patients in a 10-bed surgical ICU (SICU) who met physiologic inclusion criteria beginning in May 2008 (A group). In January 2009, we began mandatory entry of computerized mobility orders as part of a standardized ICU(More)