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1. This study addressed the hypothesis that ventrolateral medullary respiratory neurones participate in the control of laryngeal motoneurones during both eupnoea and coughing. 2. Data were obtained from 28 mid-collicular decerebrated, artificially ventilated cats. Cough-like motor patterns (fictive cough) in phrenic, lumbar and recurrent laryngeal nerves(More)
1. Stimulation of either peripheral chemoreceptors or nucleus raphe obscurus results in long-term facilitation of phrenic motoneurone activity. The first objective of this work was to measure the concurrent responses of neurones in the nucleus raphe obscurus, the nucleus tractus solitarii, and the regions of the retrofacial nucleus, nucleus ambiguus and(More)
Previous models have attributed changes in respiratory modulation of pontine neurons after vagotomy to a loss of pulmonary stretch receptor "gating" of an efference copy of inspiratory drive. Recently, our group confirmed that pontine neurons change firing patterns and become more respiratory modulated after vagotomy, although average peak and mean firing(More)
This study tested predictions from a network model of ventrolateral medullary respiratory neurone interactions for the generation of the cough motor pattern observed in inspiratory and expiratory pump muscles. Data were from 34 mid-collicularly decerebrated, paralysed, artificially ventilated cats. Cough-like patterns (fictive cough) in efferent phrenic and(More)
The primary hypothesis of this study was that the cough motor pattern is produced, at least in part, by the medullary respiratory neuronal network in response to inputs from "cough" and pulmonary stretch receptor relay neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarii. Computer simulations of a distributed network model with proposed connections from the nucleus(More)
An 11-yr-old girl had an absence of sensory components of auditory evoked potentials (brainstem, middle and long-latency) to click and tone burst stimuli that she could clearly hear. Psychoacoustic tests revealed a marked impairment of those auditory perceptions dependent on temporal cues, that is, lateralization of binaural clicks, change of binaural(More)
Recently, Segers et al. identified functional connectivity between the ventrolateral respiratory column (VRC) and the pontine respiratory group (PRG). The apparent sparseness of detected paucisynaptic interactions motivated consideration of other potential functional pathways between these two regions. We report here evidence for "indirect" serial(More)
The brainstem network for generating and modulating the respiratory motor pattern includes neurons of the medullary ventrolateral respiratory column (VRC), dorsolateral pons (PRG) and raphé nuclei. Midline raphé neurons are proposed to be elements of a distributed brainstem system of central chemoreceptors, as well as modulators of central chemoreceptors at(More)
Current models propose that a neuronal network in the ventrolateral medulla generates the basic respiratory rhythm and that this ventrolateral respiratory column (VRC) is profoundly influenced by the neurons of the pontine respiratory group (PRG). However, functional connectivity among PRG and VRC neurons is poorly understood. This study addressed four(More)
A network of neurons in the rostral dorsal lateral pons and pons/mescencephalic junction constitute the pontine respiratory group (PRG) and is essential for reflex cough. As a next step in understanding the role of the PRG in the expression of the cough reflex, we examined neuron firing rates during fictive cough in cats. Decerebrated, thoracotomized,(More)