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A peculiar deficit of electrophysiological retinal responses to pattern reversal grating stimuli has been reported in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. A similar abnormality has been reproduced by means of non-selective dopaminergic antagonists in normal humans. Aim of this study was to verify, by means of a selective D2 antagonist (sulpiride) administered(More)
Systemic decrease of dopaminergic cells, such as in Parkinson's disease may produce visual alterations in humans. In order to show possible pattern electroretinogram (PERG) spatial tuning function (STF) alterations due to impaired dopaminergic transmission in humans, we studied a group of Parkinson's disease patients before and during treatment with the(More)
Acoustic P300 was recorded from Fz, Cz and Pz by means of an 'odd-ball' paradigm in 44 non-demented de novo Parkinson's disease patients (PD) or PD patients under treatment withdrawal, and in 31 age-matched normal subjects, to evaluate whether a P300 latency increase was present in PD patients. The influence of age and disease stage on latency was(More)
The amplitude and phase of the second harmonic (15 Hz) of the electroretinographic responses to three different spatial frequency grating stimuli (0.25, 1 and 4 c/deg), reversed at 7.5 Hz, were studied i normal human subjects, before and 30 min after the systemic administration of three doses (0.071, 0.357 or 1.428 mg/kg) of a selective D2 blocker,(More)
The human retina produces a tuned response to stimuli of increasing spatial frequency reversed at a steady state. The peak amplitude response, at medium spatial frequencies, is decreased in Parkinson's disease and in normal subjects (n = 18) treated with a D2 dopaminergic antagonist (l-sulpiride). Here, we report that a mixed D1-D2 receptor antagonist(More)
Gait recovery is considered one of the main objectives of rehabilitation interventions in neurological disabilities, as restricted movement can significantly reduce an individual's ability to take part in normal activities of daily living. Locomotor training has been shown to improve gait rehabilitation. Studies have recently been published on the use of(More)
Current treatment options for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are limited at providing symptomatic relief, with no effects on the underlying pathophysiology. Recently, advances in the understanding of the AD pathogenesis highlighted the role of ABeta (Aβ) oligomers particularly interfering with mechanisms of cortical plasticity such as long-term(More)
The frontal N30 wave amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) has been studied in 41 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients (pts) in a basal condition and compared to that of 30 normal subjects; moreover the N30 amplitude and clinical motor score have been evaluated in a subgroup of 30 PD pts before and during apomorphine infusion and in a second(More)
Frailty is a complex and dynamic condition associated with aging. This condition is characterised by the difficult adaptation of an old subject to new challenges occurring during life. Frailty is supposed to be due to the progressive decrease of physiological reserves and multiorgan and multisystem change. It coincides with a reduced or absent resilience.(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder leading to dementia. Scientific efforts in the last decade focused mainly on understanding pathophysiology of disease and possible pharmacological approach to alleviate cognitive decline symptoms. Amyloid cascade hypothesis though criticized, remains the leading hypothesis to understand pathogenic(More)