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How are phosphorylated kinases transported over long intracellular distances, such as in the case of axon to cell body signaling after nerve injury? Here, we show that the MAP kinases Erk1 and Erk2 are phosphorylated in sciatic nerve axoplasm upon nerve injury, concomitantly with the production of soluble forms of the intermediate filament vimentin by local(More)
The chemokine CXCL12 is essential for the function of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Here we report that secretion of functional CXCL12 from human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) was a cell contact-dependent event mediated by connexin-43 (Cx43) and Cx45 gap junctions. Inhibition of connexin gap junctions impaired the secretion of CXCL12 and(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1c (ERK1c) is an alternatively spliced form of ERK1 that is regulated differently than other ERK isoforms. We studied the Golgi functions of ERK1c and found that it plays a role in MEK-induced mitotic Golgi fragmentation. Thus, in late G2 and mitosis of synchronized cells, the expression and activity of ERK1c was(More)
A number of findings have suggested the involvement of protein phosphorylation in the regulation of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). A recent study has demonstrated that the C tails of the beta and gamma subunits of ENaC are subject to phosphorylation by at least three protein kinases [Shi, H., Asher, C., Chigaev, A., Yung, Y., Reuveny, E., Seger, R. &(More)
Gonadotropins were recently demonstrated to be able to activate the MAPK cascade, but the physiological significance of this activation is still obscure. In the present work we demonstrate that highly luteinized human granulosa cells obtained from in vitro fertilization patients respond to human LH as well as to forskolin in phosphorylation of(More)
Cleavage fragments of de novo synthesized vimentin were recently reported to interact with phosphorylated Erk1 and Erk2 MAP kinases (pErk) in injured sciatic nerve, thus linking pErk to a signaling complex retrogradely transported on importins and dynein. Here we clarify the structural basis for this interaction, which explains how pErk is protected from(More)
The gonadotropic hormones, FSH and LH exert a major effect on ovarian and testicular function through interaction with specific seven-transmembrane domain glycoprotein receptors. Desensitization to the hormones, which can occur both in vivo and in vitro, is essential for prevention of overstimulation of the gonadal cells. The long-term process of(More)
The ERK cascade is a central signaling pathway that regulates a large number of intracellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, development and also survival or apoptosis. The induction of so many distinct and even opposing cellular processes raises the question as to how the signaling specificity of the cascade is regulated. In the past(More)